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Robots will use the latest computer-vision and machine-learning algorithms to try to perform the work done by humans in vast fulfillment centers.
Packets of Oreos, boxes of crayons, and squeaky dog toys will test the limits of robot vision and manipulation in a competition this May. Amazon is organizing the event to spur the development of more nimble-fingered product-packing machines.
Persuasive technologies surround us, and they’re growing smarter. How do these technologies work? And why?
GSN Games, which designs mobile games like poker and bingo, collects billions of signals every day from the phones and tablets its players are using—revealing everything from the time of day they play to the types of game they prefer to how they deal with failure. If two people were to download a game onto the same type of phone simultaneously, in as little as five minutes their games would begin to diverge—each one automatically tailored to its user’s style of play.
Good morning, Chairman Diaz-Balart, Ranking Member Price and members of the subcommittee. And thank you for the opportunity to discuss the Administrations fiscal year 2016 budget request for the Federal Aviation Administration.
This request of $15.83 billion will support the FAAs mission to run the safest and most efficient aerospace system in the world while transforming our airspace through NextGen. Our budget reflects a set of principles that the Administration has developed for the FAAs reauthorization. These principles promote safety, modernization and the alignment of our resources to better match our users needs, while maintaining Americas standing as a global leader in aviation.
In the 2016 Operations budget request we are asking for $9.92 billion to operate our nations aviation system on a day-to-day basis. This will strengthen our safety and security programs through hiring additional safety inspectors, engineers and others to address the increased demand for certification of aircraft, operators and pilots. It also addresses our increased focus on integrating new users such as unmanned aircraft and commercial space vehicles. Furthermore, we want to enhance our security for personnel and facilities, which we reviewed extensively after an act of sabotage and resulting fire at the Air Route Traffic Control Center near Chicago last fall. Finally, we are actively working to protect the FAA from cyber attacks.
Our Facilities and Equipment request of $2.85 billion will help us continue to bring the benefits of NextGen to users now, while at the same time addressing the backlog of needed repairs and maintenance of our infrastructure. Id like to take this opportunity to thank the Committee for its continued support of the En Route Automation Modernization program, which we plan to complete at the end of this month. This new automation system will accommodate the technologies of NextGen, and is one of the largest automation changeovers in the history of the FAA. We introduced a great deal of discipline and structure to this ongoing program, and now its just a matter of turning off the old system at the last two centers to complete the nationwide transition to ERAM. The new program creates a more powerful air traffic system that can handle the challenges of the coming decades.
We are also upgrading the automation system in our terminal airspace, where we control traffic approaching airports. The Terminal Automation Modernization and Replacement program is well underway at our largest TRACONS. The Committees strong support of these foundational NextGen programs will prepare us for continued growth and provide the infrastructure for a healthy economy.
Our 2016 request of $166 million for Research, Engineering & Development allows us to boost funding for research into sustainable jet fuels, as well as research for integrating commercial space transportation and unmanned aircraft into our airspace system. The Committee has significantly bolstered unmanned aircraft research this year with strong financial support.
Finally, in the Airports budget, we are requesting $2.9 billion to ensure the continued safety, capacity, and efficiency of our nations airport network. As in years past, the Administration is proposing to eliminate passenger and cargo entitlement funding for large hub airports. In exchange, the budget requests an increase in the Passenger Facility Charge from $4.50 to $8.00, which will provide large hub airports with greater flexibility to generate their own revenue for projects. At the same time it would allow us to restructure the airport grant program to better respond to the needs of smaller airports.
The FAA continues to face many challenges. Americas leadership in aviation is facing competition on a global level with the growth of foreign markets. Domestically, we have had to navigate a constrained and challenging fiscal environment in recent years. In this budget request, we are asking for the flexibility to transfer funds across accounts to be able to prioritize resources, to leverage new technology, and respond nimbly to evolving challenges. The FAA needs to realign todays airspace system with current demands. We need the flexibility to make investment choices that further the health of our airspace system so everyone can benefit.
Civil aviation contributes $1.5 trillion to our economy and generates nearly 12 million American jobs. The FAAs fiscal year 2016 budget request will enable us to continue to protect and expand this vital economic engine and to create the right environment for further innovation and global leadership.
Thank you, and that concludes my opening remarks. I would be happy to answer any questions you may have.
A startup called Thync will sell electrodes that you put on your head to improve your mood. The results may vary to a surprising degree.
I’m working on a story that’s almost due. It’s going well. I’m almost finished. But then everything falls apart. I get an angry e-mail from a researcher who’s upset about another article. My stomach knots up. My heart pounds. I reply with a defensive e-mail and afterward can’t stop mentally rehashing my response. Taking deep breaths and a short walk don’t help. I can’t focus on finishing my story, and as the deadline approaches, that makes me more uptight and it gets even harder to write.
Dr. Chabrian, thank you so much for having me here today. To our distinguished speakers here at WAI, thank you for inspiring us with your wisdom and experiences. Its a pleasure to be with you and join you in WAI festivities this week. To my outstanding FAA Regional Administrator from New England and Chairman of the Board at WAI, Amy Corbett, thank you for having me here in the now snowy Southwest Region. You know, Georgia is where I learned to fly, but I like to think that Texas is where I learned to fly upside down, in Del Rio Texas. In flying all over this beautiful state, I learned two things: One, that good flight planning always went hand-in-hand with where you can find the best steak. And two, your biggest collision threat on takeoff, is most often a tumbleweed, or some form of cattle.
But most importantly, to the distinguished women and men of the WAI membership body and broader aviation community, it is indeed an honor to be with you today as we celebrate an aviation tradition and no better way, in my humble opinion, to kick-off womens history month. Thank you so much for having me and making me feel right at home from the get go. Of course, how can I feel anything but at home among my fellow engineers, pilots, controllers, maintenance personnel and the literally hundreds of careers representing the aviation community, people known for taking some of the worlds most complex aviation problemsand quite simply, making it happen for our nation.
I consider myself proud to say that I come from the same hearty stockpeople with a brash, earthy way about them, but with hearts always turned skyward. You know who you are. Where are my Southern Illinois folks? Georgia? Embry Riddle? As an Aerospace Engineer and pilot in the Boeing C-17, Ive had tremendous opportunities working alongside each of you on space launch programs, certifying GPS systems onboard Air Force aircraft, and integrating future NextGen capabilities into what my fellow Air Force pilots sometimes affectionately call our Geriatric military aircraft inventory. In fact, youll know that the Air Force KC-135, the commercial variant of the Boeing 707, is still operational in the Air Force, and now piloted by grandsons and granddaughters of the original cadre, over 50 years ago. Weve had to update them a bit to meet FAA requirements, but it hasnt been easy. Imagine somebody coming up to you and saying, can you please connect my IPAD to your 1982 Tandy (for our young folks here, thats a computer) and then download all the apps to antiquated operating systems. Youd look at them like theyd flipped their wig.
Yet, thats the type and level of complexity that the thousands of professionals addressing our nations aviation challenges face every day. You make taking aviation into the future look easy, to the point that we often take this vital aspect of our global infrastructure for granted. So, suffice it to say, its just great to be here at WAI, and part of a team world-renown for its commitment to aviation.
Reflecting on some of the more formative days in my career and what lies ahead for America, Ive also come to the conclusion that developing advanced air transportation systems, investing in vital infrastructure, and generating global progress requires more than just technology. It requires the type of human ingenuity and intellectual horsepower that is located in this room. And Ill take my cues from our former Transportation Secretary, the Honorable Norm Mineta, a man who has dedicated his life to blazing a trail for Air Transportation. He noted just last spring, that the infrastructure of infrastructures, are our people.
But before I talk out our people, I want to share a little bit about what the FAA is doing build the future of global aviation. The FAA Administrator, Michael Huerta, has outlined four strategic initiatives at the FAA designed to establish a deliberate direction for aviation in the U.S. and our partners around the world. The first such initiative is ensuring we aggressively pursue the next level of safety in our aerospace system. Despite having one of the safest years on record in the aviation industry, the FAA has not rested on its laurels. We are committed to doing even better, by issuing new rules that require most U.S. commercial airlines to have risk-based Safety Management Systems in place by 2018. These initiatives also include important governance structures and rulemaking for new aerospace designs and technologies such as UAS, emergency response mechanisms for dealing with incidents like the fire at our facility in Chicago, and improved business models for design and manufacture of aircraft, as well as commercial space vehicles.
Second, we are focused on delivering benefits to the traveling public through technology and infrastructure improvements in the National Airspace System, or NAS. Our current air traffic system is based on infrastructure that was built 50 years ago and is becoming increasingly costly to maintain. Deploying NextGen throughout our NAS by involving industry, government and academic stakeholders will enhance widespread benefits, both in dollars and environmental benefits through fuel savings and reduced carbon emissions, just to name a few. In fact, the metroplex located right here in North Texas has made history by turning on 80 new procedures in a single day, and creating all new direct paths by utilizing satellite based procedures.
Third, we continue to enhance our nations position as a global leader and the gold standard in aviation safety, air traffic management, and technological integration. We must continue to maintain our seat at the global table with active participation in ICAO and other international aviation forums. While aviation has its roots in America, we must diligently work with the global community to shape the second century of flight with a collaborative approach and encourage other nations to vigorously participate in discussions on aviation safety and efficiency. We all operate in a global community, and rapid technological advances in the information age only reinforce the need for greater international cooperation on air transportation.
Which brings me to our Administrators Fourth initiative, and one that I want to spend a little more time with you today. That is the workforce of our future. For today, Ill broaden it out not just to the FAA workforce, but to the entire aviation enterprise as a whole. On this, Ill offer you a simple thought. When we embark on game-changing aviation initiatives such as NextGen, commercial space, or UAS, we should also think about the challenges of our other NextGen project, and that is of course inspiring our next generation of global aviation professionals. I say the word global to arouse a vision of the challenges that lie ahead of us as a nation, and what quite frankly will be the linchpin of Americas success in the next 20 years. Furthermore, I want to bring the role of women in aviation to the forefront here, because it will be none other than the diversity of our workforce that will cultivate the kind of innovation we are looking for. For the need for more women in the aviation industry, particularly in leadership positions, cannot be overstated. But to create change, real change, Ill steal the words right from Katy Perry when I say that there is no better time than today to ignite that light and inspire our next generation of aviators. Many of them are with us here at WAI, and facing similar challenges and barriers in aviation that women and minorities have faced throughout aviation history.
To our younger folks, if youve ever felt like youve been put in a boxand sometimes folks can do that just by telling you that you are pursuing a career that is Non-Traditional, take a look around at the firepower you have in this room. The WAI team will be here for you to not only ignite the light, but keep it burning. Because aviation attracts innovators at every level, people with a sense of adventure. As leaders, we just have to take it upon ourselves to cultivate it in our youth. After all, aviation is 1 part mindand 2 parts heart.
You see, I grew up in the suburbs of Minneapolis, Minnesota, where the smell of walleye curry on my jersey often drew more attention than warranted on the basketball court. I eventually took a hint from the fact that the splinters in my backside from riding the bench exceeded my 3 point shooting percentage. So I decided to turn my eyes to the sky, and a career in aviation. Of course I was the recipient of many strange looks for pursuing a career that was non-traditional for a young Asian American. So, with the inspiration and support of my family I decided to make my dreams come true at the Air Force Academy. To make that happen, my parents were the ones who encouraged me to ignite the light. After graduating from the Air Force Academy in 1993, I found myself as a young officer at Kelly Air Force Base, located just South of San Antonio Texas. I was active in the Indian American community in a variety of ways, but when I put my cultural activities on my military resume, a colleague recommended I leave that part out, for fear it may hurt my career. Needless to say, fitting in had always been a challenge for young Asian Americanswhich is why I chose to ignite that light, move beyond the stereotypes people intended for me, and chart my own path.
Looking back, I have to say there is no resume that could replace the fact that being authentic and putting my best self forward each day was what being an aviator was all about. It embodied the ideals of promise and hope in the American Dream that brought my parents to America in the first placefor nowhere else in the world could anybody even conceive of walleye curry in the neighborhood! Thats the heart of innovation, people pushing the envelope, being non-traditional, and eventually coming up with something new.
In many ways, the very act of flight itself is non-traditional, and the ultimate expression of human freedom. It attracts people with an inherent desire to liberate themselves from the forces of gravity. Peoplelike Colleen Barrett, President Emeritus of Southwest Airlines, the incomparable Amelia Rose Earhart, and one of my personal heroes, Heather Penney. They always seem to defy the status quo in the same way that they defied the forces of gravity each time they took to the air, or entered the board room.
These pioneers serve as a constant reminder to all of us that the forces of orthodoxy and status quo are always acting upon us, and it is our sense of freedom that encourages us to push back in pursuit of new ways of thinking and reach beyond the sky. This was the gift given to me by my parents when they chose to come to America, and further cultivated by the Air Force. My former boss, Major General Sharon Dunbar, always remarked, The skys no limit. I agree. Because it is in the sky that that one finds the finest of human idealsthe promise of opportunity, and a clear glimpse of the horizon. The word opportunity itself gives us hope, and the reason my family and I fell in love with America.
Our nation faces a myriad of challenges in the future, and the forces of darkness often seem unyielding as we read the headlines from day to day. But in the end we must remember that it is small things that often seem to turn the tide. A field trip to an aviation museum, a paper airplane contest in class, or a road trip with dad, to the WAI conference! So weve got to get out there and do it now, get out to those STEM fairs and talk about engineering and science careers, and talk to our underrepresented communities about opportunities to serve in aviation careers, and also support our small businesses. Remember, the status quo needs only one thing to triumphand that is for good people to stand on the sidelines.
Inspiring our next generation of aviation professionals is a national priority, but it cant happen without a commitment to our youth in one key area, and theres really no way of getting around this. Weve got to ensure equal opportunity is part of our mantra. That means more females on corporate boards, more women wearing stars at the Pentagon and equal pay on the flight deck, as well as in our towers and engineering labs. Im honored to continue this journey with you and offer you my commitment to same, because we honor the pathfinders that have gone before us by opening up the doors of opportunity, and empowering youth to do none other than ignite that light.
Ill close the best way I know how, by sharing the story of those who always inspire us when we need it the most. Americans who always seem to light the way, and never falter under the most extreme conditions, many of whom are with us here today and members of WAI.
A few years ago I had the chance to fly into Afghanistan on a combat mission with a diverse C-17 crew. During our mission, we came to realize that we had several heritages were represented on the flight deck. During a stopover in Europe, we had the chance to interact with some of the local citizens. One such citizen came up to us and remarked that he found it hard to believe that our crew could function with so many cultural differences. I would think that the plane would eventually crash he said. My crew reacted nearly in unison:
"That is what makes America so strong."
So lets do it. Get out there with our youth and help them ignite that light! On behalf of the FAA Administrator, Michael Huerta, thank you for what you do, but most importantly, thank you what you represent here at WAI, and may God bless and protect the millions of aviation professionals serving all over the world.
Chairman LoBiondo, Ranking Member Larsen and Members of the Subcommittee, thank you for inviting me to speak today about the reauthorization of the FAA.
It seems like not that long ago we were united behind the FAA reauthorization of 2012 with a sense of urgency to provide long term funding to support our nations aviation system. And now we are here again to continue that work. We have a joint responsibility government and industry to pull together to create the air traffic system that will carry this nation well into the 21st century.
In the last five years the FAA has made major progress in transforming our airspace system through NextGen, and that progress continues as we speak.
The FAA has delivered on its commitment to build the foundation that will support the many applications of NextGen. In 2014, we completed the coast-to-coast installation of a network of radio transceivers that will enable a satellite-based air traffic control system that provides a more precise and efficient alternative to radar. With this foundation in place, we have fulfilled our end of the bargain. We are working with the airline industry and the general aviation community to help them do their part to meet their requirement to equip by the 2020 deadline.
By the end of this month, we will finish the upgrade of our en route air traffic control automation system. This system will accommodate the new technologies of NextGen. Again, we met our commitment. This is one of the largest automation changeovers in the history of the FAA. It results in a more powerful air traffic system that can handle the challenges of the coming decades.
Through our collaboration with industry, we have identified key priorities in implementing NextGen, and we have followed through. We now have more satellite-based procedures in our skies than radar-based procedures. We have created new NextGen routes in cities across America that are saving millions of dollars in fuel burn, shortening flight paths, decreasing carbon emissions and cutting down on delays. All of this means airline schedules are more predictable and travelers face fewer delays.
The United States stands as a leader in aviation internationally, and we intend to remain the gold standard. Our manufacturers produce innovative aircraft and avionics that help maintain our nations positive balance of trade. We are truly unique in that we have the most diverse aviation community, which includes new users like unmanned aircraft and commercial space vehicles. Civil aviation contributes 12 million jobs and $1.5 trillion to our economy.
Americas leadership in aviation is being challenged on a global level, however, with the growth of foreign competitors and the shifting dynamics of supply chains. Domestically, the FAA faces challenges that I think we can all acknowledge: We have competing priorities among our stakeholders one of the byproducts of a healthy, diverse system. And, we have had to navigate a constrained fiscal environment in recent years, with nearly two dozen short term extensions prior to our 2012 reauthorization.
The FAA needs to prioritize its resources to leverage new technology and to respond nimbly to evolving challenges. To maintain our global leadership and to continue to reap the economic benefits of this industry, we should use the upcoming reauthorization to provide the FAA with the tools necessary to meet the pressing demands of the future. A lot is at stake, and we need to get this right.
To that end, the Administration has developed a set of principles that we believe will improve our nations airspace system and set the course for future progress.
First, we need to maintain our excellent safety record and foster the use of data and analysis to focus our precious resources on the areas of highest risk in our aviation system.
We must continue the modernization of our air traffic control system. Part of that effort is to ensure stable funding for core operations and NextGen investments. Collaboration with industry is absolutely essential. We need to deliver benefits, and industry needs to equip to use these improvements.
FAA Reauthorization should secure appropriate funding for our nations airports. It should also enable the integration of new users into our airspace system and support the agency in fostering a culture of innovation and efficiency.
The FAA also needs to realign todays airspace system with current demands. We need the flexibility to make investment choices that further the health of our airspace system so everyone can benefit.
And finally, we need to maintain our position of aviation leadership on the world stage. This means the FAA needs to remain at the table to shape and harmonize international aviation standards that promote seamless travel around the world.
We are extremely proud of Americas aviation heritage and the innovation and inspiration that our strong and diverse system has always provided. I look forward to working together to make sure that the United States continues to lead the world as we create the right conditions for further innovation and achievement in the second century of flight.
Welcome to Richard Anderson
Thank Dennis Roberts:
ADS-B Equip 2020 Mandate
McKinsey Benefits Study
Like I said, its been a busy few months
Houston, North Texas and DC Metroplex
FACT 3 Report
Small UAS Proposed Rule
Catex 2 Decision
Moving to the international scene, Ed and I made a trip to Brussels two weeks ago to meet with SESAR, Eurocontrol, the Commission, and the new Deployment Manager.
Ed, you want to provide a brief update on that?
Reauthorization and Capital Investment Plan
Mark House: Presented Brief from a Slide Deck
Thank you, and that concludes the FAA remarks.