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The AID Newsletter reports that the Volkswagen e-Golf was the top-selling EV in the 17 West European markets during the first two months of 2015, ousting the Nissan LEAF from first place.
According to AID’s data, the-Golf posted 2,150 regional registration during the opening two months of this year, as compared to 1,750 units for the Nissan LEAF.
AID attributed the performance of the e-Golf to “a highly charged sales blitz in Norway”, where the e-Golf posted 1,716 units (80% of sales). Nissan LEAF posted a much lower 556 sales (32% of sales) in the important Norway market for EVs.
The final report of the Transport Energy Task Force, published on the 29 March, has concluded that transport energy can and should contribute to major reductions in GHG emissions, and that for the foreseeable future, sustainable biofuels have a significant role to play along with other low carbon fuels including methane, LPG and electricity.
Members wishing to hold thier subscription fees at last years rates can do so by paying promptly. The fees for the new year have risen in line with the funding increase from DfT 3.5% but members paying before the end of May deadline can benefit from a discount holding the fee at 2014/5 level.
Maverick Synfuels announced the availability of the Maverick Oasis BG Gas-to-Liquid methanol plant product line. These plants convert biogas from sources such as anaerobic digesters and landfills into higher value methanol, one of the world’s most widely used industrial chemicals. In September 2014, Maverick had introduced its Oasis GTL plants, small-scale, modular methane-to-methanol production plants that can be co-located at the methane source. (Earlier post.)
When paired with anaerobic digesters that produce renewable biogas from organic waste, the Maverick Oasis BG product line is the first small-scale, economically viable solution that simultaneously reduces greenhouse gas emissions while helping to solve environmental problems associated with dairy and swine waste as well as other organic waste. The Maverick Oasis system offers a new revenue stream for producers of biogas and an alternative to generating electricity or venting destructive greenhouse gases into the atmosphere.
The Maverick Oasis methanol plant uses proprietary technology to convert biogas into thousands of gallons per day of methanol that meets ASTM D1152 specifications. The Oasis plant is modular, so it can be rapidly deployed to an operational location, assembled by Maverick’s engineers, and integrated into the local infrastructure.
The Maverick Oasis BG25 methanol plant is the first plant in Maverick’s product line, and has a capacity of 8,300 gallons per day (25 metric tons/day) of methanol. The methanol can be consumed onsite, or easily transported to other markets. With a footprint of 50 feet x 100 feet, the Oasis BG25 plant requires approximately one acre to accommodate storage and tanker truck access.
By using standard assembly line manufacturing processes and replicated design, the Maverick Oasis system significantly reduces the capital requirements and delivery time (typically 10 to 15 months) compared to larger plants that are field constructed. Each Oasis plant comes equipped with performance guarantees based on the designed methanol output rating. The factory-built plants are designed to be low-cost, efficient and reliable facilities, optimized to generate an attractive project rate of return.
Methane-rich biogas originates from numerous sources, including landfills and anaerobic digesters associated with wastewater treatment plants, dairy farms and other organic waste treatment facilities. Anaerobic digesters process animal, food, and other organic waste into biogas, a combination of methane and carbon dioxide. There are 1000s of potential biogas and landfill gas producers in the US alone that could derive improved economic benefit by converting methane-rich gas into methanol, the company said.
According to the American Biogas Council (ABC), the US has more than 2,000 sites producing biogas today, with nearly 11,000 additional sites for potential development: 8,002 dairy and swine farms and 2,440 wastewater treatment plants (including 381 which are making biogas but not using it) which could support a digester and 450 untapped landfill gas projects. Growth is being constrained due to the lack of economically viable alternatives for monetizing the biogas.
At sites equipped with anaerobic digesters, the primary use of biogas has been to generate electricity. In addition, small amounts of biogas are purified and converted into transportation fuel (compressed natural gas), pipeline quality natural gas, or combusted directly to produce heat.
Many of these programs require government support in the form of subsidies, tax credits, or other incentive programs to be economically viable. However, even those programs that promote renewable electricity from biogas are failing because of the limited size of these biogas-to-electricity projects when compared to significantly larger renewable solar or wind projects.
Several existing anaerobic digester projects in the US either have already shut down, or are seriously contemplating shutting down due to the declining revenues from renewable electricity. When electricity rates drop below $0.06/kWh, anaerobic digester projects for producing electricity are not economically viable. Other difficulties arise when producing electricity because of the very limited number of potential buyers of the electricity, which are generally utilities, and occasionally, large electricity consumers. Despite government subsidies, the economics of electricity production at these locations is challenging.
In the specialty chemical market, methanol is an important intermediate for producing high-value products, including olefins, acetic acid, formaldehyde, plastics, resins, and other chemical products. In the fuel market, it is used to produce biodiesel, blended with gasoline (M15, M85) or used directly as fuel (M100), converted into dimethyl ether (a diesel and LPG substitute), or converted to gasoline, diesel or jet fuel.
NAGPUR: Union minister for road transport and highways Nitin Gadkari said decision has been taken to give nod for running vehicles, including buses, on electricity and biofuels — ethanol and biodiesel — and will be implemented soon.
Daimler AG has selected LG Chem as the supplier of lithium-ion batteries for the smart EV that will be newly launched in 2016. Under the contract, LG Chem will provide battery cells to smart EV; Daimler will assemble the cells into the vehicle packs.
By signing a supply contract with Daimler, LG Chem has become the world’s biggest automotive battery supplier, having at least 13 global automakers among the top 20 global brands. In addition to Daimler, top automakers Volkswagen, Ford, Hyundai, Renault, Audi, Chevrolet, Kia, and GM use LG Chem batteries for EV applications.
In November 2014, Daimler announced that it would cease production of Li-ion battery cells at its Li-Tec subsidiary in December 2015. At the time, Daimler manager Harald Kröger said that “Our cells are very good, but at current production figures far too expensive. We have realized that a car manufacturer does not have to produce the cells themselves.” (Earlier post.)
The current smart fortwo electric drive uses a 17.6 kWh Li-ion battery to power a 55 kW electric motor delivering 130 N·m of torque with a range of 145 kilometers (90 miles)
LG Chem had been invited to the Supplier Day hosted by Daimler in Stuttgart, February. LG Chem was the only lithium-ion battery maker invited to participate at the event and had the chance to discuss core strategies with numerous automotive partners of Daimler Group.
LG Chem’s will continue to lead the EV battery market with differentiated technology to make us stand up as global No. 1 battery manufacturer.—Young Soo Kwon, President of LG Chem
The market research firm B3 recently forecast the EV battery market to grow up to US$18.24 billion by 2020.