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Market surveillance of vehicle emissions: Best-practice examples with respect to the European Commission's proposed type-approval framework regulation

On January 27, 2016, the European Commission (EC) proposed a new motor vehicle type-approval framework that will, if adopted, make fundamental and far-reaching changes to the existing Framework...
Published 2017.07.13: Publication

Diesel Technology Developments

In the analyses for the 2025 corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) and greenhouse gas standards, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration...
Published 2017.07.10: Publication

Diesel Engines

The technology assessments conducted by the Environmental Protection Agency and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration to inform the 2017–2025 passenger vehicle fuel economy and...
Published 2017.07.10: Publication

Shifting gears: The effects of a future decline in diesel market share on tailpipe CO2 and NOx emissions in Europe

The market share of fuel-efficient new diesel cars in the European Union has remained above 50% since 2010, greatly aiding the EU’s efforts to reduce carbon emissions. But diesel market share is...
Published 2017.07.05: Publication

CO2 emissions from new passenger cars in the EU: Car manufacturers' performance in 2016

The paper details manufacturers’ performance in terms of CO2 emissions reduction, fuel and technology trends, and market share. It focuses on differences between Member States and between the major...
Published 2017.07.03: Publication

Laboratory and on-road emission testing of in-use passenger vehicles in India

Considering the overwhelming evidence of high in-use NOx emissions from diesel cars in Europe and the US, the impact of NOx emissions in human health, and the growing numbers of new diesel passenger...
Published 2017.06.26: Publication

2017 Global update: Light-duty vehicle greenhouse gas and fuel economy standards

Global greenhouse gas (GHG) emission and fuel economy standards for light-duty vehicles (LDVs) have progressed significantly in a little more than a decade. Ten years ago, only four governments had...
Published 2017.06.23: Publication

Consumer benefits of increased efficiency in 2025-2030 light-duty vehicles in the U.S.

This paper estimates consumer costs and benefits of increasingly efficient light-duty vehicles in 2025 to 2030. It considers the impacts of adopted 2025 standards and the potential extension of fuel...
Published 2017.06.21: Publication

International competitiveness and the auto industry: What's the role of motor vehicle emission standards?

This paper reviews the political science, regulatory, and economics literature to illuminate the international competitiveness impacts of motor vehicle emission standards. The primary question the...
Published 2017.05.23: Publication

Evaluation of next-phase greenhouse gas regulations for passenger vehicles in Mexico

Stringent standards for passenger vehicle GHG emissions will help meet Mexico’s climate goals and increase energy security, and will have tremendous benefits for consumers and society alike....
Published 2017.05.19: Publication

Cost-benefit assessment of proposed China 6 emission standard for new light-duty vehicles

In May 2016, the Chinese Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP) released a proposal, “Limits and Measurement Methods for Emissions from Light-Duty Vehicles (LDVs),” also known as the China 6...
Published 2017.05.18: Publication

Impacts and mitigation of excess diesel NOx emissions in 11 major vehicle markets

Access publication here: Nature, 25 May 2017, doi:10.1038/nature22086 Nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions from diesel cars, trucks, and buses are a major contributor to air pollution-related deaths...
Published 2017.05.15: Publication

Developing a roadmap for the adoption of clean fuel and vehicle standards in Southern and Western Africa

Road transportation is one of the leading sources of outdoor air pollution in Southern and Western Africa, particularly in cities, where emissions from light- and heavy-duty vehicles, minibuses,...
Published 2017.04.28: Publication

International comparison of Brazilian regulatory standards for light-duty vehicle emissions

This paper aims to inform the next phase of PROCONVE for LD vehicles by assessing important components of PROCONVE L6 and their relative strengths and weaknesses compared with similar programs in...
Published 2017.04.14: Publication

A historical review of the U.S. vehicle emission compliance program and emission recall cases

Emission recalls are a critical aspect of vehicle emission compliance and enforcement programs. An emission recall is a repair, adjustment, or modification program conducted by a manufacturer to...
Published 2017.04.12: Publication

Technology uptake, costs, and benefits under a next-phase passenger car efficiency program in Brazil

Brazil is the sixth largest market for new passenger vehicles worldwide and the largest market in Latin America. As of 2013, passenger vehicles sold in Brazil have adopted fewer fuel-saving...
Published 2017.03.27: Publication

Efficiency technology and cost assessment for U.S. 2025–2030 light-duty vehicles

The paper builds on the modeling and peer-reviewed research underlying the Technical Assessment Report of the EPA and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration for the midterm review of the...
Published 2017.03.22: Publication

China's Stage 6 emission standard for new light-duty vehicles (final rule)

On December 23, 2016, the Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP) of the People’s Republic of China released the final rule of the Stage 6 Limits and Measurement Methods for Emissions from Light-...
Published 2017.03.16: Publication

Proposed fuel-consumption standards for two- and three-wheelers in China

China is one of the top markets in the world for two- and three-wheelers. On October 28, 2016, the Chinese Ministry of Industry, Information and Technology released, for public comment, proposed...
Published 2017.03.08: Publication

Lightweighting technology developments

Weight reduction is one of the most important methods to reduce vehicle carbon dioxide emissions and increase fuel economy, as it lowers the energy required to move and stop the vehicle. Reducing...
Published 2017.03.07: Publication

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