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Indirect greenhouse gas emissions of molasses ethanol in the European Union

The European Commission has proposed adding molasses to a list of advanced biofuel feedstocks eligible for support in the 2021-2030 timeframe under the recast Renewable Energy Directive. Final stage...
Published 2017.09.27: Publication

Effective policy design for promoting investment in advanced alternative fuels

Low-carbon fuels produced from non-food feedstocks have the potential to deliver deep greenhouse gas (GHG) reductions in transport fuels, but their commercialization has been slow despite a decade of...
Published 2017.09.21: Publication

Waste not want not: Understanding the greenhouse gas implications of diverting waste and residual materials to biofuel production

It has become generally accepted that biofuels produced from food commodity crops cause indirect land use change (ILUC) when increased demand for those crops results in an increase in global...
Published 2017.08.24: Publication

Status of policies for clean vehicles and fuels in select G20 countries

Realizing the immense opportunity to promote energy efficiency in their economies, G20 economies adopted an Energy Efficiency Action Plan that identified six focus areas for collaborative activity,...
Published 2017.08.15: Publication

How rapeseed and soy biodiesel drive oil palm expansion

The role of food-based biofuels in climate mitigation policies such has long been controversial due to their impact on food prices and land use. Even when biofuel feedstocks are grown on existing...
Published 2017.07.27: Publication

Alternative jet fuel development and deployment in North America

International aviation GHG emissions from airline carriers based in Canada and the United States increased from 36.2 to 60.2 million tonnes (MtCO2e) per year from 1990 through 2015—and they are...
Published 2017.05.30: Publication

Potential greenhouse gas savings from a 2030 greenhouse gas reduction target with indirect emissions accounting for the European Union

The European Commission’s proposal for a recast Renewable Energy Directive for the period 2021-2030 (RED II) includes a 6.8% target for renewable energy to be used in transport. This target can be...
Published 2017.05.05: Publication

Mitigating international aviation emissions: Risks and opportunities for alternative jet fuels

The aviation sector—and its associated GHG emissions—are projected to grow at an exponential rate over the next several decades. To mitigate this rise in emissions, some have touted alternative jet...
Published 2017.03.22: Publication

Cross-price elasticities for oils and fats in the U.S. and the EU

Market linkages between oils and fats are essential for understanding the indirect impacts of biodiesel and renewable diesel production. This study was commissioned by ICCT and performed by Fabio...
Published 2017.03.06: Publication

Impacts of world class vehicle efficiency and emissions regulations in select G20 countries

In 2014, the G20 Energy Efficiency Action Plan prioritized the establishment of a Transport Task Group (TTG) to promote cooperation among participating G20 countries to develop domestic policies that...
Published 2017.01.25: Publication

A comparison of contracts for difference versus traditional financing schemes to support ultralow-carbon fuel production in California

ICCT’s previous work on the low-carbon fuels investment policies suggests that the largest barriers to the production of ultralow-carbon fuels are primarily economic and political. A contract-for-...
Published 2017.01.23: Publication

The European Commission's renewable energy proposal for 2030

On November 30, 2016, the European Commission (EC) published a formal proposal to the EU Council and the European Parliament to recast Renewable Energy Directive (RED) 2009/28/EC2, which will expire...
Published 2017.01.20: Publication

A global strategy to introduce low-sulfur fuels and cleaner diesel vehicles

Diesel engines power the dominant share of goods movement, construction equipment, and public transport vehicles in the global economy. This report presents a global strategy to reduce fine...
Published 2016.11.28: Publication

Assessing the profitability of growing dedicated energy versus food crops in four European countries

While energy crops are a widely-considered option for biofuel production, they could impact food production and cause indirect land use change (ILUC) if they displace food crops on existing...
Published 2016.11.18: Publication

Understanding options for ILUC mitigation

Indirect land use change (ILUC) is land use change that occurs when existing cropland is used to cover the feedstock demand of additional biofuel or bioenergy production. ILUC results in the...
Published 2016.11.16: Publication

Development and analysis of a durable low-carbon fuel investment policy for California

In order to reduce the carbon footprint of California’s transport sector and meet the state’s ambitious climate goals, California must transition away from petroleum and first-generation biofuels...
Published 2016.10.17: Publication

Biofrontiers: Responsible innovation for tomorrow's liquid fuels

The Biofrontiers project set out to shed light on the challenges associated with advanced alternative low-carbon fuels, bringing together eleven stakeholders from both industry and civil society to...
Published 2016.10.14: Publication

Biofuels policy in Indonesia: Overview and status report

Increasing domestic use of palm oil biodiesel is a pressing strategic issue for Indonesia. As the world’s 15th-largest motor vehicle market, Indonesia is well on its way to becoming one of the 10...
Published 2016.08.08: Publication

Ecological impacts of palm oil expansion in Indonesia

Palm oil is the most widely used vegetable oil in the world and is a major feedstock for biodiesel and renewable diesel globally. Indonesia is the world’s leading producer of palm oil, supplying...
Published 2016.07.11: Publication

Projected availability of fats, oils, and greases in the U.S.

The Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) 2 was established in 2007 with the goals of reducing greenhouse gas emissions and dependence on foreign oil. Each year, the EPA is responsible for proposing future...
Published 2016.07.11: Publication

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