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Global baseline assessment of compliance and enforcement programs for vehicle emissions and energy efficiency

As vehicle pollution and fuel efficiency regulations have become more stringent, the technologies required to mitigate emissions and reduce fuel consumption become increasingly complex. One...
Published 2017.11.14: Publication

Status of policies for clean vehicles and fuels in select G20 countries

Realizing the immense opportunity to promote energy efficiency in their economies, G20 economies adopted an Energy Efficiency Action Plan that identified six focus areas for collaborative activity,...
Published 2017.08.15: Publication

Impacts of world class vehicle efficiency and emissions regulations in select G20 countries

In 2014, the G20 Energy Efficiency Action Plan prioritized the establishment of a Transport Task Group (TTG) to promote cooperation among participating G20 countries to develop domestic policies that...
Published 2017.01.25: Publication

Evaluation of emission-control scenarios for agricultural tractors and construction equipment

The market for agricultural tractors and construction equipment in India is growing rapidly. Without further regulatory action to control emissions from these sources, they are expected to surpass on...
Published 2016.12.23: Publication

Technology pathways for diesel engines used in non-road vehicles and equipment

Internal combustion engines are ubiquitous in today’s society. Applications for these engines cover a broad spectrum, ranging from vehicles that transport passengers and move goods to specialized...
Published 2016.09.16: Publication

Technical background on India BS VI fuel specifications

The proposed Bharat Stage (BS) VI regulation for on-road vehicles in India includes contains both emission standards for new vehicles as well as specifications for reference and commercial gasoline...
Published 2016.04.22: Publication

India Bharat Stage VI emission standards

On February 19, 2016, the Indian Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH) issued a draft notification of Bharat Stage (BS) VI emission standards for all major on-road vehicle categories in...
Published 2016.04.22: Publication

Policy solutions to reduce vehicle exhaust emissions under real-world driving conditions

Policymakers worldwide are looking for ways to address the challenge of controlling real-world emissions brought to forefront by the Volkswagen case. In this position brief, we propose a rapid and...
Published 2015.10.01: Publication

Policies to reduce fuel consumption, air pollution, and carbon emissions from vehicles in G20 nations

The transport sector consumes more than half of global oil production, and releases nearly a quarter of all anthropogenic carbon dioxide emissions. Motor vehicles and engines contribute to ambient...
Published 2015.06.08: Publication

Comparing real-world off-cycle NOx emissions control in Euro IV, V, and VI

Heavy-duty vehicles built and certified in conformity to Euro IV and V emissions standards frequently do not achieve the real-world NOx emissions expected under those standards. Now data is becoming...
Published 2015.03.02: Publication

Policy update: Bharat Stage IV emission standards for two-wheelers in India

On July 4, 2014, India finalized the fourth stage of emission standards for motorized two- wheeled vehicles. The Bharat Stage (BS) IV standards will go into effect for type approval of new motorcycle...
Published 2014.08.12: Publication

India's vehicle emissions control program

Rising transportation activity—the ever-increasing demand to move more people and goods further and faster—is both a cause and an effect of India’s rapid economic growth. As necessary as the increase...
Published 2013.11.05: Publication

The impact of vehicle and fuel standards on premature mortality and emissions

Technology-forcing regulations in the United States, European Union, and Japan have resulted in highly effective controls of tailpipe emissions. Advanced aftertreatment technology and engine tuning,...
Published 2013.11.04: Publication

Impact of standards on premature mortality and emissions: India in global context

Approximately ten percent of all years of life lost from exposure to vehicle emissions around the world occur in India. Without new limits on vehicle emissions and fuel sulfur content, the number of...
Published 2013.09.26: Publication

The case for early implementation of stricter fuel quality and vehicle emission standards in India

The 2013 Auto Fuel Policy Committee is charged with establishing a roadmap for vehicle emission and fuel quality standards in India through 2025. While there is a general consensus that India...
Published 2013.08.16: Publication

Policy summary: India's vehicle emissions control program

The ICCT has just completed a comprehensive assessment of the past, present, and potential future direction of vehicle emission control measures in India, setting Indian policy options in the context...
Published 2013.07.03: Publication

Estimated cost of emission reduction technologies for LDVs

The cost of meeting standards for conventional pollutant emissions is a perennial bone of contention in arguments over vehicle emission regulations. The public health benefits of the most stringent...
Published 2012.06.11: Publication

The Potential of Lower Vehicular Emissions in Indian Cities

There are currently around 90 cities that India's Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) identified as critically polluted. Particulate matter (PM), especially fine particulate matter (PM2.5),...
Published 2012.04.20: Publication

Urban off-cycle NOx emissions from Euro IV/V trucks and buses

Despite meeting more stringent regulatory standards for exhaust emissions during type approval, many Euro IV and Euro V heavy-duty vehicles equipped with selective catalytic reduction (SCR) systems...
Published 2012.04.10: Publication

Biodiesel carbon intensity, sustainability and effects on vehicles and emissions

This paper summarizes direct and indirect emission and sustainability impacts of biodiesel and assesses the effect of biodiesel blends from the most common feedstocks on compression ignition engine...
Published 2012.01.17: Publication

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