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Evaluation of emission-control scenarios for agricultural tractors and construction equipment

The market for agricultural tractors and construction equipment in India is growing rapidly. Without further regulatory action to control emissions from these sources, they are expected to surpass on...
Published 2016.12.23: Publication

Technology pathways for diesel engines used in non-road vehicles and equipment

Internal combustion engines are ubiquitous in today’s society. Applications for these engines cover a broad spectrum, ranging from vehicles that transport passengers and move goods to specialized...
Published 2016.09.16: Publication

India heavy-duty fleet modernization program: A scrappage program combined with accelerated adoption of Bharat Stage VI emission standards

Despite the fact that there are far fewer heavy-duty trucks and buses than motorcycles and cars plying the roads in India, heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs) contribute the majority of transportation-related...
Published 2016.06.13: Publication

Emissions inventory for agricultural tractors and construction equipment in India

In 2014, the World Health Organization announced that India’s cities were among the most polluted in the world. Mobile sources are major contributors to local air pollution due to the emissions from...
Published 2016.05.18: Publication

Technical background on India BS VI fuel specifications

The proposed Bharat Stage (BS) VI regulation for on-road vehicles in India includes contains both emission standards for new vehicles as well as specifications for reference and commercial gasoline...
Published 2016.04.22: Publication

India Bharat Stage VI emission standards

On February 19, 2016, the Indian Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH) issued a draft notification of Bharat Stage (BS) VI emission standards for all major on-road vehicle categories in...
Published 2016.04.22: Publication

Engine technology pathways for heavy-duty vehicles in India

The primary objective of this literature review is to provide a glimpse at technology changes for diesel and natural gas (NG) engines in the HDV space that are expected over the next 10 to 15 years...
Published 2016.03.10: Publication

Direct progression from Bharat IV to Bharat VI national vehicle emission standards in India

The Indian Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas has been considering the possibility of leapfrogging from Bharat Stage (BS) IV emission standards in April 2017 to BS VI emission standards in April...
Published 2015.09.15: Publication

Policy update: Bharat Stage IV emission standards for two-wheelers in India

On July 4, 2014, India finalized the fourth stage of emission standards for motorized two- wheeled vehicles. The Bharat Stage (BS) IV standards will go into effect for type approval of new motorcycle...
Published 2014.08.12: Publication

India's vehicle emissions control program

Rising transportation activity—the ever-increasing demand to move more people and goods further and faster—is both a cause and an effect of India’s rapid economic growth. As necessary as the increase...
Published 2013.11.05: Publication

Impact of standards on premature mortality and emissions: India in global context

Approximately ten percent of all years of life lost from exposure to vehicle emissions around the world occur in India. Without new limits on vehicle emissions and fuel sulfur content, the number of...
Published 2013.09.26: Publication

Vehicle emissions compliance for LDVs in India

Compliance and enforcement programs aim to ensure that, even after a period of use, vehicle emissions of criteria pollutants (primarily particulates, nitrogen oxides, hydrocarbons, and carbon...
Published 2013.08.21: Publication

The case for early implementation of stricter fuel quality and vehicle emission standards in India

The 2013 Auto Fuel Policy Committee is charged with establishing a roadmap for vehicle emission and fuel quality standards in India through 2025. While there is a general consensus that India...
Published 2013.08.16: Publication

Policy summary: India's vehicle emissions control program

The ICCT has just completed a comprehensive assessment of the past, present, and potential future direction of vehicle emission control measures in India, setting Indian policy options in the context...
Published 2013.07.03: Publication

Costs and benefits of cleaner fuels and vehicles in India

Numerous studies have shown that sulfur in gasoline and diesel contributes to higher vehicular emissions. The emissions performance benefits of reducing the sulfur content of fuel come in two forms....
Published 2012.12.11: Publication

Technical and economic analysis of the transition to ultra-low sulfur fuels in Brazil, China, India, and Mexico

Advanced emission control technologies in engines and vehicles require clean fuels, especially ultra-low sulfur gasoline (ULSG) and diesel fuel (ULSD). In the past decade, many countries with...
Published 2012.11.07: Publication

Emissions and fuel consumption reduction potential from two- and three-wheelers in India

Motorcycle sales in India have been growing at double-digit rates, and recently passed the million-vehicle-per-month mark. With annual sales five times those of passenger cars, motorcycles dominate...
Published 2012.09.10: Publication

Estimated cost of emission reduction technologies for LDVs

The cost of meeting standards for conventional pollutant emissions is a perennial bone of contention in arguments over vehicle emission regulations. The public health benefits of the most stringent...
Published 2012.06.11: Publication

The Benefits of Low Sulphur Fuels in India

Reducing the sulphur content in vehicle fuels has many positive impacts on ambient air quality. Low sulphur fuels reduce tailpipe CO, HC, and NOx emissions from catalyst-equipped gasoline vehicles...
Published 2012.05.21: Publication

The Potential of Lower Vehicular Emissions in Indian Cities

There are currently around 90 cities that India's Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) identified as critically polluted. Particulate matter (PM), especially fine particulate matter (PM2.5),...
Published 2012.04.20: Publication