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International comparison of Brazilian regulatory standards for light-duty vehicle emissions

This paper aims to inform the next phase of PROCONVE for LD vehicles by assessing important components of PROCONVE L6 and their relative strengths and weaknesses compared with similar programs in...
Published 2017.04.14: Publication

A historical review of the U.S. vehicle emission compliance program and emission recall cases

Emission recalls are a critical aspect of vehicle emission compliance and enforcement programs. An emission recall is a repair, adjustment, or modification program conducted by a manufacturer to...
Published 2017.04.12: Publication

Technology uptake, costs, and benefits under a next-phase passenger car efficiency program in Brazil

Brazil is the sixth largest market for new passenger vehicles worldwide and the largest market in Latin America. As of 2013, passenger vehicles sold in Brazil have adopted fewer fuel-saving...
Published 2017.03.27: Publication

Freight assessment blueprint: Practical guide for evaluating freight transportation in support of national green freight programs

This document aims to provide step-by-step guidance for conducting a freight assessment when the ultimate goal is to develop a green freight program. As more countries and regions explore ways to...
Published 2017.03.27: Publication

Efficiency technology and cost assessment for U.S. 2025–2030 light-duty vehicles

The paper builds on the modeling and peer-reviewed research underlying the Technical Assessment Report of the EPA and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration for the midterm review of the...
Published 2017.03.22: Publication

Mitigating international aviation emissions: Risks and opportunities for alternative jet fuels

The aviation sector—and its associated GHG emissions—are projected to grow at an exponential rate over the next several decades. To mitigate this rise in emissions, some have touted alternative jet...
Published 2017.03.22: Publication

Electric vehicle capitals of the world: Demonstrating the path to electric drive

This assessment identifies and analyzes major cities around the world that have the highest high electric vehicle uptake by new vehicle share and sales in 2015. The analysis also summarizes electric...
Published 2017.03.06: Publication

Literature review on power utility best practices regarding electric vehicles

This literature review analyzes current practices of electric power utilities to plan for the increased deployment of electric vehicles. The review summarizes a wide array of projects, initiatives,...
Published 2017.02.14: Publication

Impact of improved regulation of real-world NOx emissions from diesel passenger cars in the EU, 2015−2030

NOx emissions from diesel cars in the EU have remained high, largely due to a growing gap between emission certification limits of Euro 4 and Euro 5 standards (measured in laboratory testing) and “...
Published 2017.01.12: Publication

Light-commercial vehicles in India, 2014-15: Technology assessment and international comparisons

The fleet average CO2 emissions for LCVs were 157.6 g/km in FY 2014-15. For the M2 category, the fleet average emissions were 238.1 g/km. Our analysis shows that even though the EU’s LCVs have...
Published 2016.12.23: Publication

Driving resistances of light-duty vehicles in Europe: Present situation, trends, and scenarios for 2025

The driving resistances—mass, aerodynamic drag, and rolling resistance—of a vehicle directly affect fuel consumption and CO2 emissions. Reducing driving resistances can significantly aid...
Published 2016.12.15: Publication

CO2 reduction technologies for the European car and van fleet: A 2025-2030 assessment

This paper describes the methodology behind and the results obtained by a study to develop CO2 cost curves for the European passenger car and light commercial vehicle fleets in 2025–2030, and to...
Published 2016.11.21: Publication

From laboratory to road: A 2016 update

This 2016 update to a series begun in 2013 analyzes 13 data sources covering 15 years, six countries, and approximately 1 million cars. The analysis shows that, in the EU, the gap between official...
Published 2016.11.16: Publication

Evolution of incentives to sustain the transition to a global electric vehicle fleet

This report assesses near-term electric vehicle market trends to inform on how governments might optimally evolve their electric vehicle incentive programs to sustain market growth. We analyze...
Published 2016.11.16: Publication

Assessment of next-generation electric vehicle technologies

This report analyzes emerging electric vehicle technologies in terms of the models offered, electric range, battery capacity, and battery cost across major global markets. The analysis is based on...
Published 2016.10.31: Publication

Sustaining electric vehicle market growth in U.S. cities

This report analyzes the state of the electric vehicle market development and the actions that are driving it. Within the report, thirty-three unique city, state, and utility electric vehicle...
Published 2016.10.21: Publication

Development and analysis of a durable low-carbon fuel investment policy for California

In order to reduce the carbon footprint of California’s transport sector and meet the state’s ambitious climate goals, California must transition away from petroleum and first-generation biofuels...
Published 2016.10.17: Publication

HFC-134a phase-out in the Chinese light-duty motor vehicle sector

The Chinese vehicle market is the largest in the world to allow auto manufacturers to use the air-conditioning refrigerant HFC-134a without restriction. But this may soon change. The Chinese...
Published 2016.09.23: Publication

Technology pathways for diesel engines used in non-road vehicles and equipment

Internal combustion engines are ubiquitous in today’s society. Applications for these engines cover a broad spectrum, ranging from vehicles that transport passengers and move goods to specialized...
Published 2016.09.16: Publication

Leading edge of electric vehicle market development in the United States: An analysis of California cities

This study analyzes electric vehicle markets at the city level in California in 2015. Along with an analysis of city-level electric vehicle uptake, the authors assess public charging infrastructure...
Published 2016.09.11: Publication

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