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Cost-benefit assessment of proposed China 6 emission standard for new light-duty vehicles

In May 2016, the Chinese Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP) released a proposal, “Limits and Measurement Methods for Emissions from Light-Duty Vehicles (LDVs),” also known as the China 6...
Published 2017.05.18: Publication

Potential greenhouse gas savings from a 2030 greenhouse gas reduction target with indirect emissions accounting for the European Union

The European Commission’s proposal for a recast Renewable Energy Directive for the period 2021-2030 (RED II) includes a 6.8% target for renewable energy to be used in transport. This target can be...
Published 2017.05.05: Publication

Alternatives to heavy fuel oil use in the Arctic: Economic and environmental tradeoffs

The use of heavy fuel oil (HFO)—the leftover residues from the crude oil refining process—as a marine fuel poses serious environmental and economic risks, especially in ecologically sensitive areas...
Published 2017.04.18: Publication

Literature review of electric vehicle consumer awareness and outreach

This paper reviews current practices by national and subnational governments around the world that aim to increase consumer awareness, understanding, and exposure to electric vehicles. It summarizes...
Published 2017.03.24: Publication

Market analysis of heavy-duty commercial trailers in Canada

Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC) commissioned this commercial trailer market study along with a previous research project to investigate the costs and adoption rates of heavy-duty...
Published 2017.03.09: Publication

A comparison of contracts for difference versus traditional financing schemes to support ultralow-carbon fuel production in California

ICCT’s previous work on the low-carbon fuels investment policies suggests that the largest barriers to the production of ultralow-carbon fuels are primarily economic and political. A contract-for-...
Published 2017.01.23: Publication

Hybrid and electric vehicles in India: Current scenario and market incentives

While the FAME scheme provides incentives for all market segments, currently only the passenger car and two-wheeler segments appear to be reaping the maximum benefit from these incentives. In FY...
Published 2016.12.28: Publication

Evaluation of emission-control scenarios for agricultural tractors and construction equipment

The market for agricultural tractors and construction equipment in India is growing rapidly. Without further regulatory action to control emissions from these sources, they are expected to surpass...
Published 2016.12.23: Publication

Lightweighting technology development and trends in U.S. passenger vehicles

The technology assessments conducted by the Environmental Protection Agency and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration to inform the 2017–2025 passenger vehicle fuel economy and...
Published 2016.12.19: Publication

Assessing the profitability of growing dedicated energy versus food crops in four European countries

While energy crops are a widely-considered option for biofuel production, they could impact food production and cause indirect land use change (ILUC) if they displace food crops on existing...
Published 2016.11.18: Publication

Understanding options for ILUC mitigation

Indirect land use change (ILUC) is land use change that occurs when existing cropland is used to cover the feedstock demand of additional biofuel or bioenergy production. ILUC results in the...
Published 2016.11.16: Publication

Identifying the leading regional electric vehicle markets in the United States

This report identifies and quantifies various metrics regarding the auto markets with highest electric vehicle shares by region in the U.S. The work uniquely identifies smaller and medium size...
Published 2016.11.10: Publication

Downsized, boosted gasoline engines

The technology assessments conducted by the Environmental Protection Agency and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration to inform the 2017–2025 passenger vehicle fuel economy and...
Published 2016.10.28: Publication

Deployment of passenger car technology in Europe and the United States

For both markets, rapid technology diffusion is found in recent years, largely as a response of vehicle manufacturers to increasingly stringent regulatory standards. Yet there are differences in the...
Published 2016.10.27: Publication

Heavy fuel oil use in Arctic shipping in 2015

The use and carriage of heavy fuel oil (HFO) poses many risks to the Arctic environment, including damage from oil spills and emissions of black carbon, a potent climate pollutant. Recent...
Published 2016.10.21: Publication

Automotive thermal management technology

Thermal management techniques are critical to the robust and efficient performance of conventional and electrified vehicles. Thermal management systems not only support reduction of emissions in...
Published 2016.10.04: Publication

Transmissions

The technology assessments conducted by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) to inform the 2017–2025 passenger vehicle fuel...
Published 2016.08.29: Publication

Improving emission standards compliance with a defect reporting system for in-use passenger vehicles

An emission control defect reporting program is used in California to improve compliance with passenger vehicle emission standards. The defect reporting program was adopted by the California Air...
Published 2016.07.19: Publication

Electric Vehicles: Literature review of technology costs and carbon emissions

This paper aims to inform the debate over how electric vehicle technology could fit into a lower-carbon 2020–2030 new vehicle fleet in Europe by collecting, analyzing, and aggregating the available...
Published 2016.07.18: Publication

Projected availability of fats, oils, and greases in the U.S.

The Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) 2 was established in 2007 with the goals of reducing greenhouse gas emissions and dependence on foreign oil. Each year, the EPA is responsible for proposing future...
Published 2016.07.11: Publication

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