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Alternatives to heavy fuel oil use in the Arctic: Economic and environmental tradeoffs

The use of heavy fuel oil (HFO)—the leftover residues from the crude oil refining process—as a marine fuel poses serious environmental and economic risks, especially in ecologically sensitive areas...
Published 2017.04.18: Publication

International comparison of Brazilian regulatory standards for light-duty vehicle emissions

This paper aims to inform the next phase of PROCONVE for LD vehicles by assessing important components of PROCONVE L6 and their relative strengths and weaknesses compared with similar programs in the...
Published 2017.04.14: Publication

Effect of P-8 standards on bus system costs in Brazil

Brazil has controlled harmful pollutant emissions from heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs), including trucks and buses, through a series of progressively more stringent vehicle emissions standards put in...
Published 2017.04.14: Publication

A historical review of the U.S. vehicle emission compliance program and emission recall cases

Emission recalls are a critical aspect of vehicle emission compliance and enforcement programs. An emission recall is a repair, adjustment, or modification program conducted by a manufacturer to...
Published 2017.04.12: Publication

Technology uptake, costs, and benefits under a next-phase passenger car efficiency program in Brazil

Brazil is the sixth largest market for new passenger vehicles worldwide and the largest market in Latin America. As of 2013, passenger vehicles sold in Brazil have adopted fewer fuel-saving...
Published 2017.03.27: Publication

Freight assessment blueprint: Practical guide for evaluating freight transportation in support of national green freight programs

This document aims to provide step-by-step guidance for conducting a freight assessment when the ultimate goal is to develop a green freight program. As more countries and regions explore ways to...
Published 2017.03.27: Publication

Literature review of electric vehicle consumer awareness and outreach

This paper reviews current practices by national and subnational governments around the world that aim to increase consumer awareness, understanding, and exposure to electric vehicles. It summarizes...
Published 2017.03.24: Publication

Efficiency technology and cost assessment for U.S. 2025–2030 light-duty vehicles

The paper builds on the modeling and peer-reviewed research underlying the Technical Assessment Report of the EPA and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration for the midterm review of the...
Published 2017.03.22: Publication

Mitigating international aviation emissions: Risks and opportunities for alternative jet fuels

The aviation sector—and its associated GHG emissions—are projected to grow at an exponential rate over the next several decades. To mitigate this rise in emissions, some have touted alternative jet...
Published 2017.03.22: Publication

Marine engine emission standards for China's domestic vessels

On August 30, 2016, China’s Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP) and the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ) jointly released the first-ever...
Published 2017.03.21: Publication

Black carbon measurement methods and emission factors from ships

Black carbon (BC) emissions from ships contribute to human induced climate warming and are linked with human health issues, such as lung cancer, respiratory illness, and cardiopulmonary disease....
Published 2017.03.20: Publication

China's Stage 6 emission standard for new light-duty vehicles (final rule)

On December 23, 2016, the Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP) of the People’s Republic of China released the final rule of the Stage 6 Limits and Measurement Methods for Emissions from Light-...
Published 2017.03.16: Publication

Market analysis of heavy-duty commercial trailers in Canada

Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC) commissioned this commercial trailer market study along with a previous research project to investigate the costs and adoption rates of heavy-duty...
Published 2017.03.09: Publication

Proposed fuel-consumption standards for two- and three-wheelers in China

China is one of the top markets in the world for two- and three-wheelers. On October 28, 2016, the Chinese Ministry of Industry, Information and Technology released, for public comment, proposed fuel...
Published 2017.03.08: Publication

Lightweighting technology developments

Weight reduction is one of the most important methods to reduce vehicle carbon dioxide emissions and increase fuel economy, as it lowers the energy required to move and stop the vehicle. Reducing...
Published 2017.03.07: Publication

Cross-price elasticities for oils and fats in the U.S. and the EU

Market linkages between oils and fats are essential for understanding the indirect impacts of biodiesel and renewable diesel production. This study was commissioned by ICCT and performed by Fabio...
Published 2017.03.06: Publication

Electric vehicle capitals of the world: Demonstrating the path to electric drive

This assessment identifies and analyzes major cities around the world that have the highest high electric vehicle uptake by new vehicle share and sales in 2015. The analysis also summarizes electric...
Published 2017.03.06: Publication

Literature review on power utility best practices regarding electric vehicles

This literature review analyzes current practices of electric power utilities to plan for the increased deployment of electric vehicles. The review summarizes a wide array of projects, initiatives,...
Published 2017.02.14: Publication

International Civil Aviation Organization’s Carbon Offset and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA)

On October 6, 2016, the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) finalized the details of a market-based measure (MBM) to offset most of the growth in aviation carbon dioxide emissions...
Published 2017.02.13: Publication

U.S. EPA recall program for light-duty vehicles and light-duty trucks

A recall program remains one of the most powerful tools to ensure that in-use vehicles remain in compliance. With many countries now thinking about the compliance and enforcement aspects of their...
Published 2017.02.08: Publication

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