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Heavy-duty vehicles technology potential and cost study

Heavy-duty vehicles produce about a quarter of all carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from road transport in the European Union (EU), and some 5% of the EU’s total greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. And...
Published 2017.05.26: Publication

International competitiveness and the auto industry: What's the role of motor vehicle emission standards?

This paper reviews the political science, regulatory, and economics literature to illuminate the international competitiveness impacts of motor vehicle emission standards. The primary question the...
Published 2017.05.23: Publication

Evaluation of next-phase greenhouse gas regulations for passenger vehicles in Mexico

Stringent standards for passenger vehicle GHG emissions will help meet Mexico’s climate goals and increase energy security, and will have tremendous benefits for consumers and society alike....
Published 2017.05.19: Publication

Cost-benefit assessment of proposed China 6 emission standard for new light-duty vehicles

In May 2016, the Chinese Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP) released a proposal, “Limits and Measurement Methods for Emissions from Light-Duty Vehicles (LDVs),” also known as the China 6...
Published 2017.05.18: Publication

Adjustment to subsidies for new energy vehicles in China

On January 1, 2017, China implemented an updated subsidy program for battery electric vehicles (BEVs); plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), including extended range vehicles; and fuel cell...
Published 2017.05.17: Publication

Impacts and mitigation of excess diesel NOx emissions in 11 major vehicle markets

Access publication here: Nature, 25 May 2017, doi:10.1038/nature22086 Nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions from diesel cars, trucks, and buses are a major contributor to air pollution-related deaths...
Published 2017.05.15: Publication

Market penetration of fuel efficiency technologies for heavy-duty vehicles in the European Union, the United States, and China

As the global demand for freight transport continues to grow, improving the efficiency of on-road freight vehicles is an increasingly important step to mitigate the resulting climate impacts, reduce...
Published 2017.05.05: Publication

Potential greenhouse gas savings from a 2030 greenhouse gas reduction target with indirect emissions accounting for the European Union

The European Commission’s proposal for a recast Renewable Energy Directive for the period 2021-2030 (RED II) includes a 6.8% target for renewable energy to be used in transport. This target can be...
Published 2017.05.05: Publication

Prevalence of heavy fuel oil and black carbon in Arctic shipping, 2015 to 2025

Dwindling sea ice is opening new shipping routes through the Arctic, with shipping activity expected to increase with oil and gas development and as ships take advantage of shorter trans-Arctic...
Published 2017.05.01: Publication

Developing a roadmap for the adoption of clean fuel and vehicle standards in Southern and Western Africa

Road transportation is one of the leading sources of outdoor air pollution in Southern and Western Africa, particularly in cities, where emissions from light- and heavy-duty vehicles, minibuses,...
Published 2017.04.28: Publication

Managing emissions from non-road vehicles

Non-road vehicles, mainly agricultural and construction equipment, are a key source of pollution in many countries and regions: In the United States, they account for almost three quarters of the...
Published 2017.04.24: Publication

Alternatives to heavy fuel oil use in the Arctic: Economic and environmental tradeoffs

The use of heavy fuel oil (HFO)—the leftover residues from the crude oil refining process—as a marine fuel poses serious environmental and economic risks, especially in ecologically sensitive areas...
Published 2017.04.18: Publication

International comparison of Brazilian regulatory standards for light-duty vehicle emissions

This paper aims to inform the next phase of PROCONVE for LD vehicles by assessing important components of PROCONVE L6 and their relative strengths and weaknesses compared with similar programs in...
Published 2017.04.14: Publication

Effect of P-8 standards on bus system costs in Brazil

Brazil has controlled harmful pollutant emissions from heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs), including trucks and buses, through a series of progressively more stringent vehicle emissions standards put in...
Published 2017.04.14: Publication

A historical review of the U.S. vehicle emission compliance program and emission recall cases

Emission recalls are a critical aspect of vehicle emission compliance and enforcement programs. An emission recall is a repair, adjustment, or modification program conducted by a manufacturer to...
Published 2017.04.12: Publication

Technology uptake, costs, and benefits under a next-phase passenger car efficiency program in Brazil

Brazil is the sixth largest market for new passenger vehicles worldwide and the largest market in Latin America. As of 2013, passenger vehicles sold in Brazil have adopted fewer fuel-saving...
Published 2017.03.27: Publication

Freight assessment blueprint: Practical guide for evaluating freight transportation in support of national green freight programs

This document aims to provide step-by-step guidance for conducting a freight assessment when the ultimate goal is to develop a green freight program. As more countries and regions explore ways to...
Published 2017.03.27: Publication

Literature review of electric vehicle consumer awareness and outreach

This paper reviews current practices by national and subnational governments around the world that aim to increase consumer awareness, understanding, and exposure to electric vehicles. It summarizes...
Published 2017.03.24: Publication

Efficiency technology and cost assessment for U.S. 2025–2030 light-duty vehicles

The paper builds on the modeling and peer-reviewed research underlying the Technical Assessment Report of the EPA and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration for the midterm review of the...
Published 2017.03.22: Publication

Mitigating international aviation emissions: Risks and opportunities for alternative jet fuels

The aviation sector—and its associated GHG emissions—are projected to grow at an exponential rate over the next several decades. To mitigate this rise in emissions, some have touted alternative jet...
Published 2017.03.22: Publication

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