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International Civil Aviation Organization’s Carbon Offset and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA)

On October 6, 2016, the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) finalized the details of a market-based measure (MBM) to offset most of the growth in aviation carbon dioxide emissions...
Published 2017.02.13: Publication

U.S. EPA recall program for light-duty vehicles and light-duty trucks

A recall program remains one of the most powerful tools to ensure that in-use vehicles remain in compliance. With many countries now thinking about the compliance and enforcement aspects of their...
Published 2017.02.08: Publication

Impacts of world class vehicle efficiency and emissions regulations in select G20 countries

In 2014, the G20 Energy Efficiency Action Plan prioritized the establishment of a Transport Task Group (TTG) to promote cooperation among participating G20 countries to develop domestic policies...
Published 2017.01.25: Publication

A comparison of contracts for difference versus traditional financing schemes to support ultralow-carbon fuel production in California

ICCT’s previous work on the low-carbon fuels investment policies suggests that the largest barriers to the production of ultralow-carbon fuels are primarily economic and political. A contract-for-...
Published 2017.01.23: Publication

The European Commission's renewable energy proposal for 2030

On November 30, 2016, the European Commission (EC) published a formal proposal to the EU Council and the European Parliament to recast Renewable Energy Directive (RED) 2009/28/EC2, which will expire...
Published 2017.01.20: Publication

Real-Driving Emissions test procedure for exhaust gas pollutant emissions of cars and light commercial vehicles in Europe

Two legislative packages are currently under development to complete implementation of the new real-driving emissions (RDE) test procedure for measuring vehicle emissions in Europe. The goal is to...
Published 2017.01.12: Publication

Impact of improved regulation of real-world NOx emissions from diesel passenger cars in the EU, 2015−2030

NOx emissions from diesel cars in the EU have remained high, largely due to a growing gap between emission certification limits of Euro 4 and Euro 5 standards (measured in laboratory testing) and “...
Published 2017.01.12: Publication

NOx emissions from heavy-duty and light-duty diesel vehicles in the EU: Comparison of real-world performance and current type-approval requirements

More diesel vehicles are sold in Europe than in China, India, and all of the Americas combined—over 8.8 million in 2014 alone, more than double the sales in the next largest diesel market, China (...
Published 2017.01.05: Publication

Hybrid and electric vehicles in India: Current scenario and market incentives

While the FAME scheme provides incentives for all market segments, currently only the passenger car and two-wheeler segments appear to be reaping the maximum benefit from these incentives. In FY...
Published 2016.12.28: Publication

Light-commercial vehicles in India, 2014-15: Technology assessment and international comparisons

The fleet average CO2 emissions for LCVs were 157.6 g/km in FY 2014-15. For the M2 category, the fleet average emissions were 238.1 g/km. Our analysis shows that even though the EU’s LCVs have...
Published 2016.12.23: Publication

Evaluation of emission-control scenarios for agricultural tractors and construction equipment

The market for agricultural tractors and construction equipment in India is growing rapidly. Without further regulatory action to control emissions from these sources, they are expected to surpass...
Published 2016.12.23: Publication

Downsized, boosted gasoline engines

Of all the engine improvements considered when the 2025 corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) and greenhouse gas standards were finalized by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the...
Published 2016.12.22: Publication

Lightweighting technology development and trends in U.S. passenger vehicles

The technology assessments conducted by the Environmental Protection Agency and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration to inform the 2017–2025 passenger vehicle fuel economy and...
Published 2016.12.19: Publication

Driving resistances of light-duty vehicles in Europe: Present situation, trends, and scenarios for 2025

The driving resistances—mass, aerodynamic drag, and rolling resistance—of a vehicle directly affect fuel consumption and CO2 emissions. Reducing driving resistances can significantly aid...
Published 2016.12.15: Publication

European vehicle market statistics, 2016/2017

The annual European Vehicle Market Statistics Pocketbook offers a statistical portrait of passenger car and light-commercial vehicle fleets in the European Union from 2001—and, beginning with the...
Published 2016.12.13: Publication

A global strategy to introduce low-sulfur fuels and cleaner diesel vehicles

Diesel engines power the dominant share of goods movement, construction equipment, and public transport vehicles in the global economy. This report presents a global strategy to reduce fine...
Published 2016.11.28: Publication

2020–2030 CO2 standards for new cars and light-commercial vehicles in the European Union

The European Commission is preparing to extend the European Union's CO2 emissions regulation for passenger cars and light-commercial vehicles out to 2025–2030. This briefing paper presents a concise...
Published 2016.11.21: Publication

CO2 reduction technologies for the European car and van fleet: A 2025-2030 assessment

This paper describes the methodology behind and the results obtained by a study to develop CO2 cost curves for the European passenger car and light commercial vehicle fleets in 2025–2030, and to...
Published 2016.11.21: Publication

2025 Passenger car and light commercial vehicle powertrain technology analysis

The ICCT commissioned the German engineering services provider FEV to carry out detailed computer simulations and bottom-up "tear-down" cost estimates for individual technologies and technology...
Published 2016.11.21: Publication

European Stage V non-road emission standards

The European Commission has proposed the world’s toughest emission standards for non-road mobile machinery (NRMM), such as construction equipment, railroad engines, inland waterway vessels, and off-...
Published 2016.11.21: Publication

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