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Managing motorcycles: Opportunities to reduce pollution and fuel use from two- and three-wheeled vehicles

For millions of people living in large cities in the developing world, two- and three-wheeled motorcycles offer convenient, affordable access to motorized transportation. Nowhere is this trend more...
Published 2009.10.09: Publication

Summary report on low-carbon fuel standards

This paper provides a summary overview of low carbon fuel-related standards in various stages of development and implementation worldwide. These standards represent an important step in curbing GHG...
Published 2009.10.04: Publication

Modeling heavy-duty vehicle fuel economy based on cycle properties

  This study, by researchers at the West Virginia University Center for Alternative Fuels, Engines and Emissions, developed a methodology for predicting heavy‐duty vehicle fuel economy during...
Published 2009.09.24: Publication

Evaluation of vehicle simulation tools

Among the numerous technical and regulatory design issues related to developing fuel economy or greenhouse gas standards for heavy-duty vehicles is the problem of determining the test method(s) to...
Published 2009.08.09: Publication

Options for Assessing the CO2 Intensity of Commercial Aircraft under an Airframe Standard

There is considerable interest within ICAO and member states regarding options to set CO2 or GHG emission standards for commercial aviation.This paper identifies several possible carbon intensity...
Published 2009.06.30: Publication

Setting the stage for regulation of heavy-duty vehicle fuel economy and GHG emissions

This document discusses issues related to the regulation of fuel efficiency of heavy-duty vehicles in the United States. While new U.S. light-duty vehicles (cars and light trucks) are required to...
Published 2009.02.09: Publication

Methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl (MMT): A science and policy review

  MMT is an octane-enhancing gasoline additive that forms manganese particles when burned. It was widely introduced in the United States in the 1970s by the Ethyl Corporation when regulations...
Published 2009.01.09: Publication

A model regulatory program for reducing exhaust and evaporative emissions from heavy-duty vehicles and engines

Commercial truck markets in emerging economies such as China, India, and Brazil now dwarf traditional markets in industrialized economies. Tremendous opportunities exist to improve public health...
Published 2007.11.30: Publication

Air emissions from two- and three-wheelers: Initial issues assessment

This report is intended to present a summary of the current regulatory environment, provide appropriate background information, and introduce potential control measures for consideration in future...
Published 2007.07.02: Publication

Passenger Vehicle Greenhouse Gas and Fuel Economy Standards

Governments around the world are currently grappling with two distinct but interconnected issues—how to reduce emissions of climate-changing greenhouse gases (GHG) and how to reduce dependence on...
Published 2007.07.02: Publication

Sipping fuel and saving lives: Increasing fuel economy without sacrificing safety

The public, automakers, and policymakers have long worried about trade-offs between increased fuel economy in motor vehicles and reduced safety. The conclusion of a broad group of experts on safety...
Published 2007.06.29: Publication

Air Pollution and GHG Emissions from Oceangoing Ships

In a world of global supply chains and rapidly expanding trade, ocean shipping—currently the dominant mode of transport for international cargo—is becoming an increasingly important source of air...
Published 2007.03.07: Publication

Costs and Benefits of Reduced Sulfur Fuels in China

Motorized road transportation in China is growing at an incredible pace. The number of passenger cars in China more than doubled between 2000 and 2005, and fleets of large and small trucks, as well...
Published 2006.12.29: Publication

Natural Gas as a Transportation Fuel

  Natural gas is used as a transportation fuel in many countries around the world, and its use in vehicle applications is growing. Besides displacing imported petroleum fuels, one of the primary...
Published 2005.06.29: Publication

Status report concerning the use of MMT in gasoline

  Methylcyclopentadienyl manganese tricarbonyl (MMT) is an octane enhancer that forms manganese particles when burned as a gasoline additive. These particles can be emitted into the atmosphere or...
Published 2004.09.04: Publication

Low-sulfur gasoline and diesel: The key to lower vehicle emissions

It is impossible to reduce air pollution from the transportation sector without getting sulfur out of fuels. Sulfur is a pollutant itself, but more importantly it interferes with and eventually...
Published 2003.05.30: Publication

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