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Strengthening the regulation of defeat devices in the European Union

Although the language in the U.S. and EU regulations on vehicle emissions testing prohibiting defeat devices, and defining exemptions or exceptions, is very similar, the regulations have been...
Published 2016.08.12: Publication

Biofuels policy in Indonesia: Overview and status report

Increasing domestic use of palm oil biodiesel is a pressing strategic issue for Indonesia. As the world’s 15th-largest motor vehicle market, Indonesia is well on its way to becoming one of the 10...
Published 2016.08.08: Publication

Improving emission standards compliance with a defect reporting system for in-use passenger vehicles

An emission control defect reporting program is used in California to improve compliance with passenger vehicle emission standards. The defect reporting program was adopted by the California Air...
Published 2016.07.19: Publication

Electric Vehicles: Literature review of technology costs and carbon emissions

This paper aims to inform the debate over how electric vehicle technology could fit into a lower-carbon 2020–2030 new vehicle fleet in Europe by collecting, analyzing, and aggregating the available...
Published 2016.07.18: Publication

Ecological impacts of palm oil expansion in Indonesia

Palm oil is the most widely used vegetable oil in the world and is a major feedstock for biodiesel and renewable diesel globally. Indonesia is the world’s leading producer of palm oil, supplying...
Published 2016.07.11: Publication

Projected availability of fats, oils, and greases in the U.S.

The Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) 2 was established in 2007 with the goals of reducing greenhouse gas emissions and dependence on foreign oil. Each year, the EPA is responsible for proposing future...
Published 2016.07.11: Publication

Stage 3 China fuel consumption standard for commercial heavy-duty vehicles

In April 2016, the third stage of China’s heavy-duty vehicle fuel consumption standard was released for public comment. The China Automotive Technology and Research Center (CATARC) proposed the...
Published 2016.07.08: Publication

A technical summary of Euro 6/VI vehicle emission standards

This briefing paper looks closely at the Euro 6/VI vehicle emissions standards, which tighten the limits on air pollutant emissions established in prior European standards, and require the best...
Published 2016.07.01: Publication

Principles for effective electric vehicle incentive design

Faced with declining air quality and their own climate goals, many governments around the world have sought to accelerate the market for electric vehicles. There are various tools used by the...
Published 2016.06.22: Publication

CO2 emissions from new passenger cars in the EU: Car manufacturers’ performance in 2015

This briefing paper summarizes and analyzes preliminary data for 2015 recently released by the European Environment Agency (EEA) on CO2 emissions from new passenger cars in the EU. The EEA data show...
Published 2016.06.22: Publication

Naturally Aspirated Engines

In the technology analysis for the 2025 corporate average fuel economy (CAFE) and greenhouse gas standards, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the National Highway Transportation and...
Published 2016.06.21: Publication

Naturally aspirated gasoline engines and cylinder deactivation

The technology assessments conducted by the Environmental Protection Agency and the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration to inform the 2017–2025 passenger vehicle fuel economy and...
Published 2016.06.21: Publication

Assessing real-world CO2 emissions using simulation and PEMS data

The Real Driving Emissions (RDE) testing procedure will introduce on-road testing as well as not-to-exceed emission limits for new passenger cars in Europe. However, for the time being, these on-...
Published 2016.06.21: Publication

Analysis of the current development of household UCO collection systems in the EU

Used cooking oil (UCO) is a low carbon feedstock for biodiesel production in the EU, but this resource is not fully utilized. While collection of UCO from restaurants and hotels is relatively...
Published 2016.06.14: Publication

India heavy-duty fleet modernization program: A scrappage program combined with accelerated adoption of Bharat Stage VI emission standards

Despite the fact that there are far fewer heavy-duty trucks and buses than motorcycles and cars plying the roads in India, heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs) contribute the majority of transportation-...
Published 2016.06.13: Publication

A critique of soil carbon assumptions used in ILUC modeling

Recent estimates of land use change emissions vary widely, in part due to differences in assumptions on soil carbon. In this report, we review a recent meta-analysis on soil carbon changes with land...
Published 2016.06.13: Publication

Beyond the biofrontier: Balancing competing uses of the biomass resource

Tapping Europe’s supply of sustainably available biomass to replace fossil fuels is a promising method to mitigate climate change, but biomass is (and will remain) a limited resource. Unused or...
Published 2016.06.13: Publication

Potential for advanced biofuel production from palm residues in Indonesia

Indonesia’s goals of national greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction and biofuel production could be pursued synergistically through the promotion of more sustainable palm oil and biofuel...
Published 2016.06.09: Publication

On-board diagnostic (OBD) checks for inspection and maintenance in India

Poor air quality in India threatens the health of millions of people, and the country’s inspection and maintenance program, called Pollution Under Control (PUC), is struggling with outdated test...
Published 2016.06.07: Publication

EPA proposal for Renewable Fuel Standard 2017 volumes

On May 18, 2016 EPA released the pre-publication version of its proposed rule for volume standards for the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) program in 2017, as well as the biomass-based diesel (BBD)...
Published 2016.06.03: Publication

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