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India heavy-duty fleet modernization program: A scrappage program combined with accelerated adoption of Bharat Stage VI emission standards

Despite the fact that there are far fewer heavy-duty trucks and buses than motorcycles and cars plying the roads in India, heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs) contribute the majority of transportation-...
Published 2016.06.13: Publication

A critique of soil carbon assumptions used in ILUC modeling

Recent estimates of land use change emissions vary widely, in part due to differences in assumptions on soil carbon. In this report, we review a recent meta-analysis on soil carbon changes with land...
Published 2016.06.13: Publication

Beyond the biofrontier: Balancing competing uses of the biomass resource

Tapping Europe’s supply of sustainably available biomass to replace fossil fuels is a promising method to mitigate climate change, but biomass is (and will remain) a limited resource. Unused or...
Published 2016.06.13: Publication

Potential for advanced biofuel production from palm residues in Indonesia

Indonesia’s goals of national greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction and biofuel production could be pursued synergistically through the promotion of more sustainable palm oil and biofuel...
Published 2016.06.09: Publication

On-board diagnostic (OBD) checks for inspection and maintenance in India

Poor air quality in India threatens the health of millions of people, and the country’s inspection and maintenance program, called Pollution Under Control (PUC), is struggling with outdated test...
Published 2016.06.07: Publication

EPA proposal for Renewable Fuel Standard 2017 volumes

On May 18, 2016 EPA released the pre-publication version of its proposed rule for volume standards for the Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) program in 2017, as well as the biomass-based diesel (BBD)...
Published 2016.06.03: Publication

Reducing CO2 emissions from road transport in the European Union: An evaluation of policy options

The European Union’s 2030 climate and energy framework requires the transport, building and agriculture sectors to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to 30 percent below a 2005 baseline by 2030. This...
Published 2016.06.01: Publication

Action plan for establishing ship emission control zones in China

On 4 December 2015, China’s Ministry of Transport (MOT) released an action plan for implementing Ship Emission Control Zones (ECZs) in three key coastal regions: the Yangtze River Delta Region (YRD...
Published 2016.05.27: Publication

Comparison of leading electric vehicle policy and deployment in Europe

This study investigates consumer incentives for electric vehicles (EVs), including plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs) and battery electric vehicles (BEVs), in the five largest EV markets in...
Published 2016.05.26: Publication

Emissions inventory for agricultural tractors and construction equipment in India

In 2014, the World Health Organization announced that India’s cities were among the most polluted in the world. Mobile sources are major contributors to local air pollution due to the emissions from...
Published 2016.05.18: Publication

Official vs. real-world road-load parameters in EU vehicle efficiency testing

On average, real-world fuel consumption and CO2 emissions of new European passenger cars exceeded official vehicle type-approval values by approximately 40 percent in 2014. This paper shows that...
Published 2016.05.09: Publication

Sustainability criteria for biofuels made from land and non-land based feedstocks

As part of the European Climate Foundation's Biofrontiers project, the Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP) was asked to prepare a proposal for a set of sustainability criteria that...
Published 2016.05.09: Publication

Proposed new type-approval system for motor vehicles in the European Union

On 27 January 2016, the European Commission (EC) put forward a proposal that, if approved by the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union, would make fundamental and far-reaching...
Published 2016.04.29: Publication

Oil market futures: Effects of low-carbon transport policies on long-term oil prices

This study, commissioned by the European Climate Foundation, evaluates the effects of transport technology and policies on oil prices and the wider economy. The study compares a Business-as-Usual (...
Published 2016.04.29: Publication

Technical background on India BS VI fuel specifications

The proposed Bharat Stage (BS) VI regulation for on-road vehicles in India includes contains both emission standards for new vehicles as well as specifications for reference and commercial gasoline...
Published 2016.04.22: Publication

India Bharat Stage VI emission standards

On February 19, 2016, the Indian Ministry of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH) issued a draft notification of Bharat Stage (BS) VI emission standards for all major on-road vehicle categories in...
Published 2016.04.22: Publication

Crops of the biofrontier: In search of opportunities for sustainable energy cropping

European biofuel policy has been dominated by discussions about the indirect effects of biofuel consumption, and in particular indirect land use change and impacts on food prices and security. One...
Published 2016.04.13: Publication

Review of LDV OBD requirements under the European, Korean and Californian emission programs

On-board diagnostic (OBD) systems monitor the performance of engine and aftertreatment components, especially those responsible for controlling harmful pollutant emissions. The OBD system does not...
Published 2016.03.31: Publication

Defeat devices under the U.S. and EU passenger vehicle emissions testing regulations

The paper aims to illuminate a paradox: Volkswagen and other automakers have asserted that software managing the emissions control systems on some of their vehicles, which they acknowledge either is...
Published 2016.03.22: Publication

The automotive sector in Turkey: A baseline analysis

Turkey is one of the largest vehicle manufacturing countries in the world, and the auto industry plays a key role in the Turkish economy. For Turkey, it is of particular importance to ensure that...
Published 2016.03.18: Publication

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