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Deficiencies in the Brazilian PROCONVE P-7 and the case for P-8 standards

DOWNLOAD PORTUGUESE VERSION (PDF) In January 2012, Brazil implemented the PROCONVE P-7 emission standards for heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs) to replace the previous P-5 standards (Euro III-equivalent)....
Published 2016.03.11: Publication

Environmental risks of diesel passenger vehicles in Brazil

DOWNLOAD PORTUGUESE VERSION (PDF)   Although Brazil has restricted the sale of diesel passenger cars since the 1970s, an auto industry lobby has been pressuring the government to lift the...
Published 2016.03.11: Publication

Engine technology pathways for heavy-duty vehicles in India

The primary objective of this literature review is to provide a glimpse at technology changes for diesel and natural gas (NG) engines in the HDV space that are expected over the next 10 to 15 years...
Published 2016.03.10: Publication

Engines and tires as technology areas for efficiency improvements for trucks and buses in India

India is in the process of developing fuel efficiency standards for new heavy-duty vehicles, and one critical input to regulatory development is a technology potential analysis to determine the...
Published 2016.03.02: Publication

Cost-benefit analysis of Brazil's heavy-duty emission standards (P-8)

DOWNLOAD PORTUGUESE VERSION (PDF) Brazil has controlled heavy-duty vehicle (HDV) emissions through the Programa de Controle da Poluição do Ar por Veículos Automotores (PROCONVE) since 1990,...
Published 2016.03.01: Publication

Assessing progress towards implementation of the ILUC Directive

In 2012 the European Commission proposed Directive 2015/1513 amending the Renewable Energy Directive and the Fuel Quality Directive to address indirect land-use change (ILUC). Directive 2015/1513 has...
Published 2016.02.29: Publication

Costs of emission reduction technologies for heavy-duty diesel vehicles

This report presents the manufacturing costs of emission control technology used to meet recent U.S. and European emission standards for heavy-duty diesel engines and vehicles. The costs assessed...
Published 2016.02.29: Publication

Non-road emission inventory model methodology

Modeling is essential to identifying and assessing non-road mobile sources of air pollutant emissions, forecasting future activity and emissions, and evaluating the impacts of potential policies. A...
Published 2016.02.24: Publication

International Civil Aviation Organization CO2 standard for new aircraft

On 8 February 2016, the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) finalized a proposed performance standard for new aircraft that will mandate improvements in fuel efficiency and reductions in...
Published 2016.02.09: Publication

Case study: Refineries in Vietnam

Vietnam has set ambitious fuel quality standards in an effort to curb worsening air pollution from vehicle emissions (Clean Air Asia; Vietnam Environmental Administration, 2013). At the same time,...
Published 2016.02.03: Publication

Case study: Adoption of low-sulfur fuel standards in Peru

Rapid population and economic growth in Peru has fueled a sharp increase in the country’s vehicle fleet, raising concerns about air quality. The government has responded with emission standards for...
Published 2016.02.03: Publication

Case study: The Egyptian Refining Company project in Cairo

Egypt has made advances in fuel quality over the past decade by introducing unleaded gasoline, but like many countries in Africa still supplies diesel with very high sulfur content, up to 10,000 ppm...
Published 2016.02.03: Publication

Availability, use, and removal of oil palm biomass in Indonesia

ICCT commissioned this study by Dr. Christopher Teh Boon Sung, a professor at the University Putra Malaysia, to review and assess the environmental implications of removing palm residues from...
Published 2016.02.03: Publication

Data sources to support land suitability assessments for bioenergy feedstocks in the EU: A review

As part of the European Climate Foundation's Biofrontiers project, the Institute for European Environmental Policy was asked to undertake a review of the availability of data on European land use,...
Published 2016.01.27: Publication

Waste, residue and by‐product definitions for the California Low Carbon Fuel Standard

This report by ICF International was commissioned by ICCT to inform life-cycle treatment of biofuel feedstocks under California’s Low Carbon Fuel Standard (LCFS), as well as biofuel regulations in...
Published 2016.01.27: Publication

Review and evaluation of vehicle fuel efficiency labeling and consumer information programs

Vehicle Fuel Efficiency Labeling (VFEL) is used by numerous countries worldwide to improve the fuel efficiency of their transport fleets. The theory behind VFEL is that better-informed consumers are...
Published 2016.01.27: Publication

How to advance cellulosic biofuels

The use of advanced biofuels (produced from agricultural or forest residues or sustainable energy crops) in transport is generally viewed as a sustainable manner in which to mitigate the climate...
Published 2016.01.20: Publication

Real-world fuel consumption of popular European passenger car models

Official fuel consumption values for new passenger cars in Europe are increasingly unrepresentative of real-world performance. The divergence between official and real-world fuel consumption more...
Published 2016.01.14: Publication

Costs and benefits of shore power at the port of Shenzhen

China is home to seven of the world’s ten largest and busiest container ports. While these ports bring an economic benefit to China, they also bring shipping-related emissions. Studies conducted in...
Published 2015.12.28: Publication

The European Real-Driving Emissions Regulation

Beginning in 2017, the European Union’s emissions type-approval procedure for passenger cars will include a new Real-Driving Emissions (RDE) test conducted using on-board portable emissions...
Published 2015.12.28: Publication

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