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Investing in ultra-low-sulfur fuel and clean vehicle technologies in India will not come without costs. But the benefits, in terms of reduced healthcare costs and higher productivity, far outweigh them.
Assesses the costs of emissions control technologies required to bring light-duty vehicles up to various standards for conventional pollutant emissions in current terms, using both direct and indirect methods to account for technology changes, correct for inflation, and pull in feedback from manufacturers.
This paper summarizes direct and indirect emission and sustainability impacts of biodiesel and assesses the effect of biodiesel blends from the most common feedstocks on compression ignition engine emissions and performance.