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Focuses on the implementation of Onboard Refueling Vapor Recovery (ORVR) systems in the US and compares the pros and cons of using ORVR and Stage II controls to limit refueling emissions.
This paper provides aggregated statistics for the fleet of new light-commercial vehicles in the EU for the year 2010.
Based on an assessment of production costs for two GPF designs, we estimate for a 2.0L gasoline engine a cost of $106 for a stand-alone GPF and between $114 and $154 for a four-way catalyst, presented here as a three-way catalyst (TWC) with PM trapping capabilities.
Builds on more detailed explanations in past WLTP doucments and presents, for discussion, a proposal for defining inertia classes for the WLTP GTR.
This paper was submitted to the UNECE GRPE informal subgroup on the development of a worldwide harmonized light vehicles test procedure (WLTP-DTP) on the issue of inertia classes to be used in the development of the WLTP.
On February 15, 2011 the European Parliament adopted legislation that, for the first time, will regulate CO2 emissions from light commercial vehicles (LCV) in Europe. It is expected to formally become law in the first half of 2011.
Presentation to the 1st European Automotive Summit, November 2010.
The European Commission has proposed new emissions standards for two- and three-wheeled powered vehicles and quadricycles, collectively termed L-category vehicles, as part of a broader regulation that would also cover safety and market surveillance.