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Assesses the potential for energy crops to displace food crops in four countries in Europe and evaluates the relative profitability of these crops compared to existing food crops.
Surveys the existing literature on methodologies related to the certification of low ILUC biofuel projects through different measures. It also assesses the potential challenges, risks, and loopholes that could arise from the use of these methodologies.
Reviews and critiques a recent assessment of soil carbon changes resulting from the expansion of corn production for ethanol.
Prepares a proposal for a set of sustainability criteria that could be integrated into post-2020 EU legislation as a way to guarantee the sustainability of the next phase of the development of alternative fuels in Europe.
Describes case studies of energy cropping in Europe in the context of advanced biofuel and bioproducts sustainability.
Inventory of the status of Member States’ progress on implementing key elements of Directive 2015/1513 amending the RED and FQD as well as the FQD implementing directive (Directive 2015/652).
Characterizes six potential sources of indirect greenhouse gas emissions from crude oil and assesses the extent to which they are attributable to oil production.