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Summarizes the European Commission's (EC) formal proposal to the EU Council and the European Parliament to recast Renewable Energy Directive (RED) 2009/28/EC2, which will expire at the end of 2020.
Surveys the existing literature on methodologies related to the certification of low ILUC biofuel projects through different measures. It also assesses the potential challenges, risks, and loopholes that could arise from the use of these methodologies.
Based on more than a year of exchanges, this synthesis report presents five recommendations for a 2030 European policy for transport fuels regarding sustainability, carbon-intensity, incentives, competing uses and innovation.
Explores the potential for improving home collection of used cooking oil for biodiesel production in the EU.
Inventory of the status of Member States’ progress on implementing key elements of Directive 2015/1513 amending the RED and FQD as well as the FQD implementing directive (Directive 2015/652).
An assessment of costs, investment options, and required policy support
A detailed but accessible overview of the concept of indirect land use change and the way that ILUC emissions are estimated. Identifies factors that determine the size of ILUC effects when biofuel demand increases and shows how they are handled in the most important models used in the U.S. and EU.
Overview of the political agreement reached by the council in June on the draft of a directive that would amend the fuel quality and renewable energy directives.
New addendum report: National case studies show potential for biofuels from wastes and residues in Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden and the United Kingdom There is a substantial untapped resource available in Europe of unused cellulosic wastes and residues. The technology exists to convert these biomass resources into advanced biofuels, with the technical potential to substitute up to 16% of European road transport fuel by 2030 while delivering greenhouse gas savings of 60% or more.