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This update adds one new data source, for a total of 14, covering 16 years, eight countries, and approximately 1.1 million cars. The analysis shows that, in the EU, the gap between official and real-world CO2 emission values continues to grow—from 9% in 2001 to 42% in 2016.

Investigates the gap between real-world and official CO2 emission values in the four largest vehicle markets in the world: China, the EU, Japan, and the United States. The analysis shows that the gap has increased in all markets since 2001. 

Finds that for cars, the cost for meeting a 2025 target value of 70 g/km (as measured in the New European Driving Cycle - NEDC) is between 250 and 500 euros higher than would be the case in a footprint-based CO2 target system.

2017.07.16

Assesses, through vehicle simulation modeling, the baseline fuel efficiency performance and the potential of various fuel saving technologies to improve the efficiency of European tractor-trailers and rigid trucks, in the 2020–2030 timeframe.

Publication: White paper
2017.07.05

Despite the anticipated decline in diesel car sales future carbon dioxide (CO2) standards in the EU can still be met even if new-car diesel share falls as low as 15% by 2025. The net compliance cost for reaching a 70 g/km (NEDC) target by 2025 would decline by €10–€280 per vehicle, if the diesel market share were to drop to a level as low as 15%.

Publication: White paper
2017.05.19

Evaluates the costs and benefits of extending Mexico’s program to 2025 by fully aligning with U.S. standards to support the adoption of a strong regulatory package.

Publication: White paper
2017.05.05

Investigates the market adoption trends of 27 heavy-duty vehicle technologies, presents 20 years of technology market penetration data, and analyzes the trends in selected technology adoption on tractor-trailers and rigid trucks in the world’s three largest automotive markets (the EU, U.S., and China).

Publication: White paper
2017.04.14

Informs the next phase of PROCONVE for LD vehicles by assessing important components of PROCONVE L6 and their relative strengths and weaknesses compared with similar programs in the U.S. and the EU.

Publication: White paper
2017.04.12

Provides a comprehensive historical review of how the U.S. federal vehicle emission compliance program has evolved over the past 4 decades, reviews U.S. emission recall trends, highlights a few representative vehicle and engine emission recall cases and settlements, and provides insight into the data sources needed to inform a successful recall program.

Publication: White paper
2017.03.27

Evaluates the level of technology adoption, costs, and efficiency improvement associated with alignment with the European Union’s 2021 emissions target of 95 gCO2/km (equivalent to 1.27 MJ/km) for new passenger cars in Brazil in 2023.

Publication: White paper
2017.03.27

A step-by-step resource for conducting a freight assessment when the ultimate goal is to develop a green freight program. This document includes useful guidance and best practices on executing each of the four key elements of a freight assessment and provides examples of the types of analysis that the data collected will enable.

Publication: White paper
2017.03.22
Analyzes emerging vehicle-efficiency technologies with respect to cost and capacity to lower carbon emissions from passenger cars and light-duty trucks in the 2025–2030 time frame.
 
Publication: White paper
2017.03.22
Evaluates the potential for alternative jet fuels (AJFs) to decarbonize the aviation sector and the risks associated with those fuels’ sustainability, costs and barriers to commercialization. 
Publication: White paper

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