This update adds one new data source, for a total of 14, covering 16 years, eight countries, and approximately 1.1 million cars. The analysis shows that, in the EU, the gap between official and real-world CO2 emission values continues to grow—from 9% in 2001 to 42% in 2016.
Investigates the gap between real-world and official CO2 emission values in the four largest vehicle markets in the world: China, the EU, Japan, and the United States. The analysis shows that the gap has increased in all markets since 2001.
Finds that for cars, the cost for meeting a 2025 target value of 70 g/km (as measured in the New European Driving Cycle - NEDC) is between 250 and 500 euros higher than would be the case in a footprint-based CO2 target system.
Assesses the design and effectiveness of fiscal and other incentives for electric vehicles in Germany, the UK, France, the Netherlands, and Norway, at both national and, through a set of ten case studies, regional and city levels.
Highlights the effects of disparities between real-world data and official road-load coefficients, used to set up vehicle type-approval test equipment, on fuel consumption and CO2 ratings for European passenger cars.
Takes a closer look at three potential alternatives for OBD regulatory requirements that can be incorporated into the China 6 proposal. The ICCT recommends adopting CA OBDII with China 6 emission standards.
Under current regulatory standards, the wide commercialization of diesel cars would significantly increase NOX and PM2.5 emissions, contributing to poor air quality and adding 150,000 premature deaths through 2050.
Evaluates the potential air-quality benefits of using shore-based electric generating facilities, as opposed to a ship's own engines, to supply power for operations (such as loading and unloading) while a ship lies berthed in port.
Analyzes and compares new-vehicle type-approval procedures in the EU and U.S. with an eye toward demonstrating how best to align regulatory requirements, customer expectations, and environmental performance.