This update adds one new data source, for a total of 14, covering 16 years, eight countries, and approximately 1.1 million cars. The analysis shows that, in the EU, the gap between official and real-world CO2 emission values continues to grow—from 9% in 2001 to 42% in 2016.
Investigates the gap between real-world and official CO2 emission values in the four largest vehicle markets in the world: China, the EU, Japan, and the United States. The analysis shows that the gap has increased in all markets since 2001.
Finds that for cars, the cost for meeting a 2025 target value of 70 g/km (as measured in the New European Driving Cycle - NEDC) is between 250 and 500 euros higher than would be the case in a footprint-based CO2 target system.
Surveys actions being taken by state and local governments and public utilities to facilitate electric vehicle deployment in the 25 largest U.S. metro areas. Presents city-specific analysis of consumer benefits and links between policies aimed at promoting EVs and market uptake.
Discusses the use of computer simulation to certify whole-vehicle efficiency of HDVs, and compares tools used to quantify HDV CO2 emissions in the US (GEM v2.0) and EU (VECTO v2.0.3 beta; not yet used in a regulatory context).
Evaluation, based on leading technology effectiveness, technology cost, and fuel price data, of payback periods for the efficiency technologies analyzed in a companion paper on tractor-trailer technology potential.
Evaluates eight vehicle replacement programs from around the world and identifies five best practices in the areas of program design and implementation, as well as fiscal incentives and policies, to serve as guidelines for policymakers.
Explores performance levels and adoption rates of trailer technologies that reduce fuel consumption in tractor-trailers and identifies challenges and opportunities going forward by capturing a broad cross-section of experts in the Canadian trucking industry.