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Demonstrates that incentives for the production of biofuel from cellulosic wastes and residues through the EU Renewable Energy Directive could deliver carbon savings without the same level of indirect land use change or sustainability effects as biofuel from food commodities.
Combines an analysis employing a commonly used investment assessment tool, the capital assets pricing model, with an outline of minor changes to existing federal tax incentives could help unlock needed investment in cellulosic biofuels.
Summarizes the case for shifting to a footprint-based efficiency standard in China, and analyzes how compliance burdens on auto manufacturers might change.
Estimates availability of the cellulosic fraction of waste, agricultural residues, and forestry residues, while considering current uses of these materials and environmental impacts.
Fills a gap in the analysis behind U.S. and European regulations intended to restrict use of mobile air-conditioning refrigerants based on their global warming potential.
A novel analysis that connects 2011 in-use fleet characteristics, global satellite data on ship movement, and literature on ship technology to assess the long-term prospects for increasing shipping efficiency.
Surveys fuel-saving technologies, presents an analysis of the U.S. market, outlines policy options and offers specific recommendations for the upcoming "Phase 2" U.S. rulemaking on GHG and fuel-efficiency standards
Comparison of official and "real-world" fuel consumption and CO2 emission values for passenger cars in Europe and the United States, which shows that the average discrepancy between them rose from less than 10% in 2001 to 25% in 2011.
Analysis of the extent to which upstream carbon dioxide and methane emissions associated with producing liquefied natural gas offset its potential climate benefit.
This study shows that without modification the existing EU biofuels mandate is unlikely to deliver significant carbon benefits. If, however, iLUC factors are included in the policy in future, the policy would be likely to achieve the targeted 50% carbon reductions.