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Develops a cost-benefit analysis to compare the impact of three separate policies to spur the additional production of ultralow-carbon fuels in California: a contract-for difference price guarantee, a per-gallon subsidy, and upfront capital grants. Uses a cashflow model to estimate the amount of new production of qualifying fuels in California from 2020 to 2030 and the cost per gallon for each policy.
Analyzes the various fiscal incentive mechanisms available in India at a national and state level for hybrid and electric vehicles, and evaluates the relative contribution of such incentives in making these technologies cost-competitive in the Indian market, particularly in context to the central government’s flagship scheme, Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid and) Electric Vehicles (FAME).
Evaluates alternative regulatory pathways for India’s agricultural tractors and construction equipment on the basis of air pollutant emissions.
Advances in lightweighting (mass-reduction) designs and technology have surpassed projections made for the U.S. 2025 vehicle CAFE/GHG standard. Overall, weight reduction of ~15% should be feasible by 2025, at costs about one-third of 2012 estimates.
Assesses the potential for energy crops to displace food crops in four countries in Europe and evaluates the relative profitability of these crops compared to existing food crops.
Surveys the existing literature on methodologies related to the certification of low ILUC biofuel projects through different measures. It also assesses the potential challenges, risks, and loopholes that could arise from the use of these methodologies.
Identifies auto markets with highest electric vehicle shares by region in the U.S., including smaller and medium size metropolitan areas. Analyzes electric vehicle promotion actions in place that are accelerating market development in the leading markets.
An analysis of trends and developments in turbocharged, downsized gasoline engines since the 2017–2025 light duty GHG/CAFE rule written by EPA and NHTSA in 2012.
Compares the uptake of a range of vehicle technologies such as variable valve timing, gasoline direct injection, turbocharging, stop/start, as well as transmission and hybridization technologies in the U.S. and EU in recent years.
MEPC’s 70th session will consider two topics that may greatly reduce the amount of HFO used in the Arctic: a global marine fuel sulfur cap of 0.5% (currently it is 3.5%), and whether or not HFO use in the Arctic should be formally placed on the MEPC agenda. This paper provides key information needed to evaluate the potential risks HFO has to the Arctic environment.