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An overview of experiences with fiscal and other policy measures aimed at financing motor fuel desulfurization in Europe, North America, and Asia.
Summarizes how data developed by Ricardo, Inc., was processed to provide the CO2 estimates used as inputs in the development of the EU cost curves.
Summarizes impacts of new vehicle mass reduction data on CO2 benefit and cost curves for light-duty vehicles in Europe, 2020–2025, and the effect that regulatory structures which do not fully reward or penalize manufacturers for the influences of changes in vehicle mass might have on overall compliance costs of CO2 standards. Third in a series.
Quantifies the expected effect of tire classification on CO2 as input for a discussion on tire selection in the informal subgroup on the development of the WLTP test procedure.
Summarizes the methodology used to develop technology benefit and cost curves for EU light-duty vehicles in 2020–2025.
Assessment using regionally specific least-cost animal diet modeling of feed displacement ratios for US corn dried distillers' grains and solubles (DDGS).
This paper compares fuel consumption / CO2 values of passenger cars from different sources and aims at quantifying the discrepancy between laboratory type-approval values and real-world values, including a retrospective analysis for the years 2001-2011 to determine if the gap between the two datasets has increased over time. Potential explanations for the discrepancies found are discussed and possible practical solutions for the future outlined.
This working paper, available in English and Chinese, provides an overview of existing in-use testing for CO2 and fuel economy programs in the United States in order to inform the development of a Chinese program.
This paper identifies the most effective technologies for CO2, emissions and safety measures and maps the status of regulatory programs for two- and three-wheeler management in Asian countries.
Focuses on the implementation of Onboard Refueling Vapor Recovery (ORVR) systems in the US and compares the pros and cons of using ORVR and Stage II controls to limit refueling emissions.