Survey-based summary of regulatory agencies' programs to monitor and enforce compliance with vehicle emission and fuel consumption standards.
Evaluates well-to-wheel greenhouse gas emissions from soot-free urban transit bus types in 20 megacities.
Reveals that the efforts made by multiple Transport Task Group (TTG) countries to promote and support policies and programs—including stringent tailpipe emissions standards, fuel economy standards, low sulfur fuels, and green freight programs—are in good alignment with the long-term perspective and pathways of the Transport Task Group defined in the G20 Energy Efficiency Leading Programme.
Results of a project by the International Centre of Automotive Technology (ICAT), in India, to conduct laboratory and on-road testing of three in-use vehicles, using a portable emissions measurement system, over a variety of drive cycles and routes.
Examines how the greenhouse gas and fuel economy standards have changed over time, how the auto industry in different regions has reacted, and discusses how the standards may evolve in the future.
Diesel vehicles in major markets produce over 50% more NOx than official certification limits indicate. Study links these excess NOx emissions to ~38,000 premature deaths worldwide in 2015—mostly in the EU, China, and India.
Characterizes the climate and health benefits of adopting world-class standards for new vehicle efficiency/CO2 and conventional pollutant emissions in all members of the G20 Transport Task Group.
Examines the benefits and costs of fuel-saving technologies for new heavy-duty vehicles (HDVs) in India over the next 10 years and, explores how various scenarios for the deployment of vehicles with these technologies will impact petroleum consumption and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions over the next three decades.
Analyzes the various fiscal incentive mechanisms available in India at a national and state level for hybrid and electric vehicles, and evaluates the relative contribution of such incentives in making these technologies cost-competitive in the Indian market, particularly in context to the central government’s flagship scheme, Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of (Hybrid and) Electric Vehicles (FAME).
Baseline for light-commercial vehicle fleets as well as for the M2 category of vehicles in India. The assessment focuses on the differences in fleet characteristics and technology adoption among LCV fleets in FY 2014-15 compared with FY 2011-12, as well as differences among manufacturers for FY 2014-15.
Evaluates alternative regulatory pathways for India’s agricultural tractors and construction equipment on the basis of air pollutant emissions.
Presents a global strategy to reduce fine particulate (PM2.5) and black carbon emissions from the global fleet of on-road diesel vehicles by identifying 36 countries for immediate action.
Summarizes potential gains from known efficiency technologies in new freight-hauling tractor-trailers and rigid delivery trucks and presents a rationale for introducing and upgrading HDV efficiency standards in major markets.
Current non-road regulatory programs lag behind comparable programs for on-road diesel engines, and are not stringent enough to compel the use of the best available technologies for the control of PM and NOx emissions.
The maximum benefits of a fleet modernization program can be achieved by conducting a subsidized scrappage program along with early adoption of BS VI standards starting as soon as 2019.
Makes recommendations for how India should use checks of on-board diagnostic systems (OBD) to identify malfunctioning emissions control systems in new vehicles and to lower the burden on the country’s testing facilities.
Emissions from the diesel engines of these two key types of non-road mobile sources are expected to be significant, and will potentially have strong negative impacts on local air quality and health in India.
This working paper details the differences in fuel specifications for commercial gasoline and diesel fuels in India and the EU, and assesses potential air pollutant emission impacts of these differences.
The proposed BS VI standards are far-reaching in scope and incorporate substantial changes to existing Bharat Stage III and IV emission standards. Of particular note is the tightening of particulate matter (PM) mass emission limits and the introduction of particle number (PN) limits for light- and heavy-duty vehicles (LDV, HDV) fitted with gasoline direct injection (GDI) and compression ignition (CI), or diesel, engines.
Surveys diesel engine technologies, costs, pollutant emissions, and efficiency improvements in a manner that can help inform India's transition to more stringent vehicle emissions standards over the next five years.