Publications: Europe

2017.11.14

A consultant report assessing the potential contribution of CO2-based synthetic fuels, including power-to-liquids, to climate mitigation goals in Europe.

2017.11.14

Survey-based summary of regulatory agencies' programs to monitor and enforce compliance with vehicle emission and fuel consumption standards.

2017.11.08

Identifies 20 cities with the highest electric vehicle uptake through 2016 and examines the associated local policies, incentives, and infrastructure that have helped spur electric vehicle sales growth.

2017.11.05

This update adds one new data source, for a total of 14, covering 16 years, eight countries, and approximately 1.1 million cars. The analysis shows that, in the EU, the gap between official and real-world CO2 emission values continues to grow—from 9% in 2001 to 42% in 2016.

2017.11.05

Investigates the gap between real-world and official CO2 emission values in the four largest vehicle markets in the world: China, the EU, Japan, and the United States. The analysis shows that the gap has increased in all markets since 2001. 

2017.10.26

A synopsis of key findings from previous ICCT studies relevant to a 2025–2030 standard in the EU, including technology potential and associated compliance cost, the role of electrified vehicles, and the switch to a new emissions testing procedure.

2017.10.11

Addresses the opportunities for facilitating, and the barriers to financing, the transition to soot-free urban bus fleets in 20 megacities.

2017.10.10

Finds that for cars, the cost for meeting a 2025 target value of 70 g/km (as measured in the New European Driving Cycle - NEDC) is between 250 and 500 euros higher than would be the case in a footprint-based CO2 target system.

2017.10.04

Provides a synthesis of information regarding the global development of hydrogen fueling infrastructure to power fuel cell vehicles. Compiles research on hydrogen infrastructure deployment, fuel pathways, and planning based on developments in the prominent fuel cell vehicle growth markets around the world.

2017.10.04

Assesses charging infrastructure deployment practices, challenges, and emerging best practices in major electric vehicle markets. Statistically analyzes the relationship between public charging and electric vehicle uptake at the metropolitan area level to better discern local infrastructure variation, practices, and circumstances.

2017.09.27

An assessment of the market impacts and full lifecycle greenhouse gas emissions from incentivizing the use of molasses for biofuel production in the EU.

2017.09.26

Assesses zero-emission heavy-duty vehicle technologies to support decarbonization of the freight sector in the 2025–2030 timeframe. Synthesizes data from the research literature, demonstrations, and low-volume commercial trucks regarding their potential to deliver freight with zero tailpipe emissions. Analyzes the emerging technologies by their cost of ownership and life-cycle greenhouse gas emissions for China, Europe, and the United States.

2017.09.21

An analysis of advanced biofuel policies and recommendations for improving the effectiveness of policy support for emerging low carbon fuel technologies.

2017.09.05

Legal brief summarizing public access to vehicle emissions data in the EU and US.

2017.09.04

Analyzes the benefits of establishing separate engine CO2 standards in addition to full-vehicle regulations to specifically drive improvements in heavy-duty engine efficiency. Outlines a possible pathway for the development and implementation of separate engine CO2 standards for heavy-duty vehicles within the regulatory framework of the European Union.

2017.09.03

Compares official laboratory-test and on-road nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions for 541 Euro 5 and Euro 6 diesel passenger cars, representing 145 of the most popular European models.

2017.08.31

Evaluates well-to-wheel greenhouse gas emissions from soot-free urban transit bus types in 20 megacities.

2017.08.29

A report investigating the real-world emissions of four Euro 6 passenger cars—one gasoline and three diesel vehicles with different aftertreatment technologies, tested under variable conditions. The investigation was conducted by the Laboratory of Applied Thermodynamics, of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, and its spin-off company, Emisia.

2017.08.24

Assesses the indirect greenhouse gas emissions of diverting waste and residual materials to biofuel production.

2017.08.15

Reveals that the efforts made by multiple Transport Task Group (TTG) countries to promote and support policies and programs—including stringent tailpipe emissions standards, fuel economy standards, low sulfur fuels, and green freight programs—are in good alignment with the long-term perspective and pathways of the Transport Task Group defined in the G20 Energy Efficiency Leading Programme.

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