Cost-effectiveness and potential analysis of technologies for the reduction of fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emission of heavy-duty vehicles in the European market, in the 2020–2030 timeframe.
Reviews the political science, regulatory, and economics literature to illuminate the international competitiveness impacts of motor vehicle emission standards.
Evaluates the costs and benefits of extending Mexico’s program to 2025 by fully aligning with U.S. standards to support the adoption of a strong regulatory package.
Estimates health benefits and technology upgrade costs of the proposed standard and implementation timetable focusing mainly on nationwide impacts, but also separately analyzes China’s three key regions: the so-called Jing-Jin-Ji region, the Yangtze River delta region, and Guangdong province.
Details subsidies for manufacturers rather than end users and features the phase down of a national subsidy, tightened vehicle qualification requirements, improved incentive design, and robust anti-fraud and enforcement measures.
Diesel vehicles in major markets produce over 50% more NOx than official certification limits indicate. Study links these excess NOx emissions to ~38,000 premature deaths worldwide in 2015—mostly in the EU, China, and India.
Investigates the market adoption trends of 27 heavy-duty vehicle technologies, presents 20 years of technology market penetration data, and analyzes the trends in selected technology adoption on tractor-trailers and rigid trucks in the world’s three largest automotive markets (the EU, U.S., and China).
Evaluates the GHG savings that could be achieved through key policy design changes to the transport target in the European Commission’s 2030 Renewable Energy Directive proposal.
Estimates heavy fuel oil (HFO) use, HFO carriage, the use and carriage of other fuels, BC emissions, and emissions of other air and climate pollutants in the Arctic for the year 2015, with projections to 2020 and 2025.
Provides a roadmap to support the implementation of comprehensive clean fuel and vehicle policies in Southern and Western Africa.
An overview of advanced non-road diesel compliance programs with examples of adopted registration or labeling systems for non-road equipment and compares compliance tools for non-road vehicles with those for heavy-duty vehicles.
Compares the economic and environmental tradeoffs of switching from HFO to two alternative fuels, distillate fuel and liquefied natural gas (LNG), in the IMO Arctic, as defined in the IMO Polar Code.
Informs the next phase of PROCONVE for LD vehicles by assessing important components of PROCONVE L6 and their relative strengths and weaknesses compared with similar programs in the U.S. and the EU.
Evaluates the effect of Euro VI-equivalent emissions standards on bus system costs in Brazil.
Provides a comprehensive historical review of how the U.S. federal vehicle emission compliance program has evolved over the past 4 decades, reviews U.S. emission recall trends, highlights a few representative vehicle and engine emission recall cases and settlements, and provides insight into the data sources needed to inform a successful recall program.
Evaluates the level of technology adoption, costs, and efficiency improvement associated with alignment with the European Union’s 2021 emissions target of 95 gCO2/km (equivalent to 1.27 MJ/km) for new passenger cars in Brazil in 2023.
A step-by-step resource for conducting a freight assessment when the ultimate goal is to develop a green freight program. This document includes useful guidance and best practices on executing each of the four key elements of a freight assessment and provides examples of the types of analysis that the data collected will enable.
Reviews the global practices on electric vehicle consumer awareness activities, summarizing the projects, initiatives, and exemplary practices among national and subnational governments in consumer education, awareness, and outreach.