Assesses the U.S. electric vehicle market and the factors that are driving it. Catalogues electric vehicle promotion activities. Identifies best practice policies in the 50 most populous U.S. metropolitan areas. Conducts a statistical analysis to discern links between the promotion actions and electric vehicle uptake.
Examines the HDV market in China and investigates the potential for currently sold vehicles to reduce fuel consumption through the adoption of known efficiency technologies.
Assesses, through vehicle simulation modeling, the baseline fuel efficiency performance and the potential of various fuel saving technologies to improve the efficiency of European tractor-trailers and rigid trucks, in the 2020–2030 timeframe.
Evaluates the European Commission’s version of the proposed EU new motor vehicle type-approval framework, where it relates to market surveillance activities, and proposes specific ways in which it could be strengthened.
Highlights important innovations and trends in diesel engines and emission control systems, some of which were not considered when the 2025 CAFE and greenhouse gas standards were finalized, yet promise to improve diesel passenger vehicles’ cost-effectiveness, especially for larger classes.
Diesel engines, aftertreatment, and emissions control have developed since 2012, improving diesel vehicles’ cost-effectiveness, particularly for larger passenger vehicle classes.
Summarizes the key barriers that impede the adoption of fuel-saving technologies in the trucking sector and discusses some of the ways policymakers can combat them.
Despite the anticipated decline in diesel car sales future carbon dioxide (CO2) standards in the EU can still be met even if new-car diesel share falls as low as 15% by 2025. The net compliance cost for reaching a 70 g/km (NEDC) target by 2025 would decline by €10–€280 per vehicle, if the diesel market share were to drop to a level as low as 15%.
Summarizes and analyzes preliminary data for 2016 recently released by the European Environment Agency (EEA) on CO2 emissions from new passenger cars in the EU. New cars sold in the EU in 2015 had average CO2 emissions of 118 g CO2/km, which was 1.2% lower than in 2015.
Results of a project by the International Centre of Automotive Technology (ICAT), in India, to conduct laboratory and on-road testing of three in-use vehicles, using a portable emissions measurement system, over a variety of drive cycles and routes.
Examines how the greenhouse gas and fuel economy standards have changed over time, how the auto industry in different regions has reacted, and discusses how the standards may evolve in the future.
Evaluates options for integrating electric vehicles into U.S. and European efficiency regulations based on cost-effectiveness and emission-reduction implications.
Summarizes the key elements of the proposed regulation to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from new on-road heavy-duty vehicles, including the major vehicle and equipment categories, estimated costs and benefits, and Canada-specific provisions.
Summarizes important features and experiences of successful retrofit program efforts primarily in the U.S. and Europe, and also highlights the range of retrofit technologies that have been successfully used to reduce exhaust emissions (including diesel particulate and NOX emissions) from older, existing on-road and off-road diesel engines.
Summarizes the status of electric vehicle market in California through 2016, quantifying electric vehicle market growth across California cities and metropolitan areas.
Evaluates the trajectory of GHG emissions from international aviation in the U.S. and Canada as well as the possible GHG reductions that could be made from deployment of alternative jet fuels (AJFs) within the framework of the International Civil Aviation Organization’s (ICAO) Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA).
Cost-effectiveness and potential analysis of technologies for the reduction of fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emission of heavy-duty vehicles in the European market, in the 2020–2030 timeframe.
Reviews the political science, regulatory, and economics literature to illuminate the international competitiveness impacts of motor vehicle emission standards.
Evaluates the costs and benefits of extending Mexico’s program to 2025 by fully aligning with U.S. standards to support the adoption of a strong regulatory package.
Estimates health benefits and technology upgrade costs of the proposed standard and implementation timetable focusing mainly on nationwide impacts, but also separately analyzes China’s three key regions: the so-called Jing-Jin-Ji region, the Yangtze River delta region, and Guangdong province.