Details subsidies for manufacturers rather than end users and features the phase down of a national subsidy, tightened vehicle qualification requirements, improved incentive design, and robust anti-fraud and enforcement measures.
Diesel vehicles in major markets produce over 50% more NOx than official certification limits indicate. Study links these excess NOx emissions to ~38,000 premature deaths worldwide in 2015—mostly in the EU, China, and India.
Investigates the market adoption trends of 27 heavy-duty vehicle technologies, presents 20 years of technology market penetration data, and analyzes the trends in selected technology adoption on tractor-trailers and rigid trucks in the world’s three largest automotive markets (the EU, U.S., and China).
Evaluates the GHG savings that could be achieved through key policy design changes to the transport target in the European Commission’s 2030 Renewable Energy Directive proposal.
Estimates heavy fuel oil (HFO) use, HFO carriage, the use and carriage of other fuels, BC emissions, and emissions of other air and climate pollutants in the Arctic for the year 2015, with projections to 2020 and 2025.
Provides a roadmap to support the implementation of comprehensive clean fuel and vehicle policies in Southern and Western Africa.
An overview of advanced non-road diesel compliance programs with examples of adopted registration or labeling systems for non-road equipment and compares compliance tools for non-road vehicles with those for heavy-duty vehicles.
Compares the economic and environmental tradeoffs of switching from HFO to two alternative fuels, distillate fuel and liquefied natural gas (LNG), in the IMO Arctic, as defined in the IMO Polar Code.
Informs the next phase of PROCONVE for LD vehicles by assessing important components of PROCONVE L6 and their relative strengths and weaknesses compared with similar programs in the U.S. and the EU.
Evaluates the effect of Euro VI-equivalent emissions standards on bus system costs in Brazil.
Provides a comprehensive historical review of how the U.S. federal vehicle emission compliance program has evolved over the past 4 decades, reviews U.S. emission recall trends, highlights a few representative vehicle and engine emission recall cases and settlements, and provides insight into the data sources needed to inform a successful recall program.
Evaluates the level of technology adoption, costs, and efficiency improvement associated with alignment with the European Union’s 2021 emissions target of 95 gCO2/km (equivalent to 1.27 MJ/km) for new passenger cars in Brazil in 2023.
A step-by-step resource for conducting a freight assessment when the ultimate goal is to develop a green freight program. This document includes useful guidance and best practices on executing each of the four key elements of a freight assessment and provides examples of the types of analysis that the data collected will enable.
Reviews the global practices on electric vehicle consumer awareness activities, summarizing the projects, initiatives, and exemplary practices among national and subnational governments in consumer education, awareness, and outreach.
On August 30, 2016, China’s Ministry of Environmental Protection (MEP) and the General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ) jointly released the first-ever national emission standards for marine engines used in domestic shipping in China. Phase I standards will take effect on July 1, 2018, and stricter Phase II standards will take effect on July 1, 2021.
Measures marine BC emissions in the lab and onboard two container ships, one with a modern Tier II main engine and another with an older Tier 0 engine outfitted with an exhaust gas cleaning system (EGCS).
The China 6 standard combines best practices from both European and U.S. regulatory requirements in addition to creating its own. This policy update provides detail on how this standard is unique, a comparison with emission regulations in other major markets, and a summary of the impact of this rule.
Analyzes the new trailer sales market and also interviewed a variety of experts from the trucking industry in Canada in order to estimate typical ownership cycles and activity rates for various types of trailers.