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Starting January 1, 2012, European nations will implement an EC directive to incorporate international and domestic aviation emissions into the EU's Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS). The directive, which will impose a modest price on aviation growth (currently just over US$14.3/tonne CO2), is under legal challenge by US carriers and opposed by nations such as the US, Russia, India, and Brazil, and has sparked debate about what “equivalent measures” other countries can adopt that would exempt their carriers from the system. Simultaneously, the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) is working to develop a global framework to control GHG emissions from aircraft for consideration at its 38th General Assembly in 2013. This includes a proposal for a global framework for market-based measures and a CO2 emission standard for new aircraft. The latter has been a major focus for the ICCT since 2009.
Describes the details of the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA), the International Civil Aviation Organization’s market-based measure to offset most of the growth in aviation carbon dioxide emissions beginning in 2020.
Finds that fuel consumption of new aircraft designs could be cut by 25% in 2024 and 40% in 2034 using cost-effective emerging technologies—double the rate of improvement seen in designs coming from manufacturers now in response to market forces alone.
A concise overview of ICAO's proposed aircraft efficiency standard, covering the policy background and standard requirements, and preliminary analysis of expected effects on CO2 emissions.
Analyzes the fuel efficiency / carbon intensity of new commercial aircraft, and indicates the substantial gap existing between what is technological feasible and new aircraft currently on the market.