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In 2009, the EU established a fleet-average emissions target for passenger cars of 130 g CO2/km by 2015 and 95 g CO2/km by 2020. A parallel regulation for light commercial vehicles was adopted in early 2011, setting targets of 175 g CO2/km by 2017 and 147 g CO2/km by 2020. (See http://ec.europa.eu/clima/policies/transport/vehicles/cars/faq_en.htm.) The exact modalities for the 2020 targets are currently up for review. Since a quarter of Europe’s GHG emissions come from the transport sector, reaching these targets would have a powerful impact—and create a ripple effect, since many countries pattern their regulations on the European standards.
Summarizes how data developed by Ricardo, Inc., was processed to provide the CO2 estimates used as inputs in the development of the EU cost curves.
Summarizes impacts of new vehicle mass reduction data on CO2 benefit and cost curves for light-duty vehicles in Europe, 2020–2025, and the effect that regulatory structures which do not fully reward or penalize manufacturers for the influences of changes in vehicle mass might have on overall compliance costs of CO2 standards. Third in a series.
Briefing on the potential and estimated costs of various vehicle technologies to reduce CO2 emissions and fuel consumption, based on rigorous tear-down analyses carried out in the U.S. and Europe.
Concise overview of an analysis of the CO2 emission reduction potential of various vehicle technologies and estimate of associated costs in the EU market.
Quantifies the expected effect of tire classification on CO2 as input for a discussion on tire selection in the informal subgroup on the development of the WLTP test procedure.