Topics / EU vehicle targets

The EU first introduced mandatory 2015 CO2 standards for new passenger cars in 2009. For light-commercial vehicles a similar regulation, setting mandatory 2017 targets, was passed in 2011. At the end of 2013, the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union reached an agreement regarding two regulatory proposals that will implement mandatory 2020 CO2 emission targets for new passenger cars and light-commercial vehicles in the European Union. The passenger car standards are 95 g/km of CO2, phasing in for 95% of vehicles in 2020 with 100% compliance in 2021. The light-commercial vehicle standards are 147 g/km of CO2 for 2020. Since a quarter of Europe’s GHG emissions come from the transport sector, reaching these targets will have a powerful impact and create a ripple effect, since many countries pattern their regulations on the European standards. CO2 standards for new vehicles in the post-2020 timeline are currently under preparation by the European Commission.

Most Recent

This update adds two new data sources, for a total of 13, covering 15 years, six countries, and approximately 1 million cars. The analysis shows that, in the EU, the gap between official and real-world CO2 emission values continues to grow—from 9% in 2001 to 42% in 2015.

Summary of provisional data from the European Environment Agency. Average CO2 emissions from new cars sold in the EU in 2015 were 119.6 g CO2/km, 8% below the 2015 target and 3% lower than in 2014.

This annual update to the L2R series analyzes eleven data sources covering fourteen years, six countries, and almost 600,000 vehicles. In the EU the gap between official and real-world vehicle CO2 emissions grew to 38 percent in 2014.

2017.09.18
Between minuscule electric vehicle (EV) sales, growing diesel shares, and Italian carmakers’ struggle to curb carbon dioxide (CO2) and nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions, Italy seems to be heading in the wrong direction
Blog Post
2016.11.16

This update adds two new data sources, for a total of 13, covering 15 years, six countries, and approximately 1 million cars. The analysis shows that, in the EU, the gap between official and real-world CO2 emission values continues to grow—from 9% in 2001 to 42% in 2015.

Publication: White paper
2016.06.22

Summary of provisional data from the European Environment Agency. Average CO2 emissions from new cars sold in the EU in 2015 were 119.6 g CO2/km, 8% below the 2015 target and 3% lower than in 2014.

Publication: Briefing
2015.09.24

This annual update to the L2R series analyzes eleven data sources covering fourteen years, six countries, and almost 600,000 vehicles. In the EU the gap between official and real-world vehicle CO2 emissions grew to 38 percent in 2014.

Publication: White paper
2015.07.09

Summary based on the provisional data recently released by the European Environment Agency. All manufacturers have achieved their 2015 targets, with average emissions of 123.3 g/km in 2014, a decrease of 3% compared to 2013.

Publication: Briefing
2015.01.27
In Europe by now we have gained considerable experience with setting CO2 standards for light-duty vehicles: First, in 2009 a target of 130 g/km for 2015 was adopted, then 2014 the target of 95 g/km for 2020/21 was
Blog Post
2014.12.04

Assesses the effect on technology innovation and deployment if mandatory CO2 standards in the EU were replaced by including road transport in the EU Emissions Trading System, as some have recently proposed.

Publication: Working paper
2014.11.12

Annual statistical portrait of technologies, fuel consumption, and GHG and pollutant emissions in Europe's passenger car, light commercial, and heavy-duty fleets.

Publication: Report
2014.10.30
Over the last few weeks, we published two major reports on the real-world emission behavior of passenger cars in Europe.
Blog Post

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