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The EU first introduced mandatory 2015 CO2 standards for new passenger cars in 2009. For light-commercial vehicles a similar regulation, setting mandatory 2017 targets, was passed in 2011. At the end of 2013, the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union reached an agreement regarding two regulatory proposals that will implement mandatory 2020 CO2 emission targets for new passenger cars and light-commercial vehicles in the European Union. The passenger car standards are 95 g/km of CO2, phasing in for 95% of vehicles in 2020 with 100% compliance in 2021. The light-commercial vehicle standards are 147 g/km of CO2 for 2020. Since a quarter of Europe’s GHG emissions come from the transport sector, reaching these targets will have a powerful impact and create a ripple effect, since many countries pattern their regulations on the European standards. CO2 standards for new vehicles in the post-2020 timeline are currently under preparation by the European Commission.
Identifies and quantifies impacts on type-approval values of the EU's anticipated transition from the NEDC to the WLTP. Notably, the effects of the new driving cycle and the new definition of vehicle test masses result in a target of 100 g CO2/km for 2020.
Extends an analysis of the gap between official and real-world fuel consumption and CO2 emissions for passenger cars in Europe, which reached 38% in 2013 and continues to grow at an accelerated pace.
Expands on the European Environment Agency's recently published provisional data for CO2 emissions from passenger cars sold in the EU in 2013, which shows that average emissions fell to 127 g/km, below the 2015 target.
Impacts of Eastern EU labor rates on CO2 benefit and cost curves for EU light-duty vehicles in the 2020–2025 timeframe; fourth in a series.
Brief background to the agreement reached at the end of 2013, and summaries of key elements, the present situation, and expected effects.
Brief overview of the new edition of European Vehicle Market Statistics.
A statistical portrait of passenger car and light commercial vehicle fleets in the European Union from 2001 to 2012.