Topics / EU vehicle targets

The EU first introduced mandatory 2015 CO2 standards for new passenger cars in 2009. For light-commercial vehicles a similar regulation, setting mandatory 2017 targets, was passed in 2011. At the end of 2013, the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union reached an agreement regarding two regulatory proposals that will implement mandatory 2020 CO2 emission targets for new passenger cars and light-commercial vehicles in the European Union. The passenger car standards are 95 g/km of CO2, phasing in for 95% of vehicles in 2020 with 100% compliance in 2021. The light-commercial vehicle standards are 147 g/km of CO2 for 2020. Since a quarter of Europe’s GHG emissions come from the transport sector, reaching these targets will have a powerful impact and create a ripple effect, since many countries pattern their regulations on the European standards. CO2 standards for new vehicles in the post-2020 timeline are currently under preparation by the European Commission.

Most Recent

A synopsis of key findings from previous ICCT studies relevant to a 2025–2030 standard in the EU, including technology potential and associated compliance cost, the role of electrified vehicles, and the switch to a new emissions testing procedure.

This update adds two new data sources, for a total of 13, covering 15 years, six countries, and approximately 1 million cars. The analysis shows that, in the EU, the gap between official and real-world CO2 emission values continues to grow—from 9% in 2001 to 42% in 2015.

Summary of provisional data from the European Environment Agency. Average CO2 emissions from new cars sold in the EU in 2015 were 119.6 g CO2/km, 8% below the 2015 target and 3% lower than in 2014.

2014.12.04

Assesses the effect on technology innovation and deployment if mandatory CO2 standards in the EU were replaced by including road transport in the EU Emissions Trading System, as some have recently proposed.

Publication: Working paper
2014.11.12

Annual statistical portrait of technologies, fuel consumption, and GHG and pollutant emissions in Europe's passenger car, light commercial, and heavy-duty fleets.

Publication: Report
2014.10.30
Over the last few weeks, we published two major reports on the real-world emission behavior of passenger cars in Europe.
Blog Post
2014.10.29

Identifies and quantifies impacts on type-approval values of the EU's anticipated transition from the NEDC to the WLTP. Notably, the effects of the new driving cycle and the new definition of vehicle test masses result in a target of 100 g CO2/km for 2020.

Publication: Working paper
2014.09.28
Our report last year documenting the worsening gap between official, test-based CO2 emissions from Europe’s passenger cars and what drivers actually experience on the road r
Blog Post
2014.09.28

Extends an analysis of the gap between official and real-world fuel consumption and CO2 emissions for passenger cars in Europe, which reached 38% in 2013 and continues to grow at an accelerated pace.

Publication: White paper
2014.06.13

Expands on the European Environment Agency's recently published provisional data for CO2 emissions from passenger cars sold in the EU in 2013, which shows that average emissions fell to 127 g/km, below the 2015 target.

Publication: Briefing
2014.02.27

Impacts of Eastern EU labor rates on CO2 benefit and cost curves for EU light-duty vehicles in the 2020–2025 timeframe; fourth in a series.

Publication: Working paper
2014.01.17

Brief background to the agreement reached at the end of 2013, and summaries of key elements, the present situation, and expected effects.

Publication: Policy update

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