Topics / EU vehicle targets

The EU first introduced mandatory 2015 CO2 standards for new passenger cars in 2009. For light-commercial vehicles a similar regulation, setting mandatory 2017 targets, was passed in 2011. At the end of 2013, the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union reached an agreement regarding two regulatory proposals that will implement mandatory 2020 CO2 emission targets for new passenger cars and light-commercial vehicles in the European Union. The passenger car standards are 95 g/km of CO2, phasing in for 95% of vehicles in 2020 with 100% compliance in 2021. The light-commercial vehicle standards are 147 g/km of CO2 for 2020. Since a quarter of Europe’s GHG emissions come from the transport sector, reaching these targets will have a powerful impact and create a ripple effect, since many countries pattern their regulations on the European standards. CO2 standards for new vehicles in the post-2020 timeline are currently under preparation by the European Commission.

Most Recent

A synopsis of key findings from previous ICCT studies relevant to a 2025–2030 standard in the EU, including technology potential and associated compliance cost, the role of electrified vehicles, and the switch to a new emissions testing procedure.

This update adds two new data sources, for a total of 13, covering 15 years, six countries, and approximately 1 million cars. The analysis shows that, in the EU, the gap between official and real-world CO2 emission values continues to grow—from 9% in 2001 to 42% in 2015.

Summary of provisional data from the European Environment Agency. Average CO2 emissions from new cars sold in the EU in 2015 were 119.6 g CO2/km, 8% below the 2015 target and 3% lower than in 2014.

2013.02.19
In 2012 ICCT carried out an analysis of “real-world” fuel consumption data in Germany for the years 2001–2010, based on data from the German website
Blog Post
2013.02.04

Summarizes how data developed by Ricardo, Inc., was processed to provide the CO2 estimates used as inputs in the development of the EU cost curves.

Publication: Working paper
2013.02.04

Summarizes impacts of new vehicle mass reduction data on CO2 benefit and cost curves for light-duty vehicles in Europe, 2020–2025, and the effect that regulatory structures which do not fully reward or penalize manufacturers for the influences of changes in vehicle mass might have on overall compliance costs of CO2 standards. Third in a series.

Publication: Working paper
2013.01.18

Briefing on the potential and estimated costs of various vehicle technologies to reduce CO2 emissions and fuel consumption, based on rigorous tear-down analyses carried out in the U.S. and Europe.

Publication: Briefing
2013.01.18

Concise overview of an analysis of the CO2 emission reduction potential of various vehicle technologies and estimate of associated costs in the EU market.

Publication: Briefing
2012.12.14
CO2 emission values for type approval of new cars are determined under laboratory conditions.
Blog Post
2012.11.27

Quantifies the expected effect of tire classification on CO2 as input for a discussion on tire selection in the informal subgroup on the development of the WLTP test procedure.

Publication: Working paper
2012.11.07
Last week we published the new edition of our pocketbook of European Vehicle Market Statistics.
Blog Post
2012.11.05
Setting effective CO2 standards for vehicles requires knowledge of the technical potential and the associated costs.
Blog Post
2012.11.05

Results of a project to assess the effectiveness of future light-duty vehicle technologies on vehicle performance and greenhouse gas emissions.

Publication: Consultant report

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