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The EU first introduced mandatory 2015 CO2 standards for new passenger cars in 2009. For light-commercial vehicles a similar regulation, setting mandatory 2017 targets, was passed in 2011. At the end of 2013, the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union reached an agreement regarding two regulatory proposals that will implement mandatory 2020 CO2 emission targets for new passenger cars and light-commercial vehicles in the European Union. The passenger car standards are 95 g/km of CO2, phasing in for 95% of vehicles in 2020 with 100% compliance in 2021. The light-commercial vehicle standards are 147 g/km of CO2 for 2020. Since a quarter of Europe’s GHG emissions come from the transport sector, reaching these targets will have a powerful impact and create a ripple effect, since many countries pattern their regulations on the European standards. CO2 standards for new vehicles in the post-2020 timeline are currently under preparation by the European Commission.
Briefing on the potential and estimated costs of various vehicle technologies to reduce CO2 emissions and fuel consumption, based on rigorous tear-down analyses carried out in the U.S. and Europe.
Concise overview of an analysis of the CO2 emission reduction potential of various vehicle technologies and estimate of associated costs in the EU market.
Quantifies the expected effect of tire classification on CO2 as input for a discussion on tire selection in the informal subgroup on the development of the WLTP test procedure.
Results of a project to assess the effectiveness of future light-duty vehicle technologies on vehicle performance and greenhouse gas emissions.
Results of analyses commissioned from FEV on the net incremental costs for a set of advanced LDV technologies for the European vehicle market.
Summarizes the methodology used to develop technology benefit and cost curves for EU light-duty vehicles in 2020–2025.
A statistical portrait of passenger car and light commercial vehicle fleets in the European Union from 2001 to 2011