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The EU first introduced mandatory 2015 CO2 standards for new passenger cars in 2009. For light-commercial vehicles a similar regulation, setting mandatory 2017 targets, was passed in 2011. At the end of 2013, the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union reached an agreement regarding two regulatory proposals that will implement mandatory 2020 CO2 emission targets for new passenger cars and light-commercial vehicles in the European Union. The passenger car standards are 95 g/km of CO2, phasing in for 95% of vehicles in 2020 with 100% compliance in 2021. The light-commercial vehicle standards are 147 g/km of CO2 for 2020. Since a quarter of Europe’s GHG emissions come from the transport sector, reaching these targets will have a powerful impact and create a ripple effect, since many countries pattern their regulations on the European standards. CO2 standards for new vehicles in the post-2020 timeline are currently under preparation by the European Commission.
A comprehensive summary and analysis of information on new passenger cars and light-commercial vehicles in Europe for the time period 2001 to 2010.
This paper provides aggregated statistics for the fleet of new light-commercial vehicles in the EU for the year 2010.
This paper is ICCT’s 4th contribution to the UNECE GRPE informal subgroup on the development of a worldwide harmonized light vehicles test procedure (WLTP-DTP).
This paper presents new analysis on the implications of the current inertia class based system and outlines two alternative approaches for discussion within the WLTP-DTP working group.
Based on an assessment of production costs for two GPF designs, we estimate for a 2.0L gasoline engine a cost of $106 for a stand-alone GPF and between $114 and $154 for a four-way catalyst, presented here as a three-way catalyst (TWC) with PM trapping capabilities.
Assesses various potential index parameters for vehicle emissions performance standards and analyzes the effects of different target systems on individual manufacturers and vehicles.