Topics / EU vehicle targets

The EU first introduced mandatory 2015 CO2 standards for new passenger cars in 2009. For light-commercial vehicles a similar regulation, setting mandatory 2017 targets, was passed in 2011. At the end of 2013, the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union reached an agreement regarding two regulatory proposals that will implement mandatory 2020 CO2 emission targets for new passenger cars and light-commercial vehicles in the European Union. The passenger car standards are 95 g/km of CO2, phasing in for 95% of vehicles in 2020 with 100% compliance in 2021. The light-commercial vehicle standards are 147 g/km of CO2 for 2020. Since a quarter of Europe’s GHG emissions come from the transport sector, reaching these targets will have a powerful impact and create a ripple effect, since many countries pattern their regulations on the European standards. CO2 standards for new vehicles in the post-2020 timeline are currently under preparation by the European Commission.

Most Recent

This update adds two new data sources, for a total of 13, covering 15 years, six countries, and approximately 1 million cars. The analysis shows that, in the EU, the gap between official and real-world CO2 emission values continues to grow—from 9% in 2001 to 42% in 2015.

Summary of provisional data from the European Environment Agency. Average CO2 emissions from new cars sold in the EU in 2015 were 119.6 g CO2/km, 8% below the 2015 target and 3% lower than in 2014.

This annual update to the L2R series analyzes eleven data sources covering fourteen years, six countries, and almost 600,000 vehicles. In the EU the gap between official and real-world vehicle CO2 emissions grew to 38 percent in 2014.

2014.10.29

Identifies and quantifies impacts on type-approval values of the EU's anticipated transition from the NEDC to the WLTP. Notably, the effects of the new driving cycle and the new definition of vehicle test masses result in a target of 100 g CO2/km for 2020.

Publication: Working paper
2014.09.28
Our report last year documenting the worsening gap between official, test-based CO2 emissions from Europe’s passenger cars and what drivers actually experience on the road r
Blog Post
2014.09.28

Extends an analysis of the gap between official and real-world fuel consumption and CO2 emissions for passenger cars in Europe, which reached 38% in 2013 and continues to grow at an accelerated pace.

Publication: White paper
2014.06.13

Expands on the European Environment Agency's recently published provisional data for CO2 emissions from passenger cars sold in the EU in 2013, which shows that average emissions fell to 127 g/km, below the 2015 target.

Publication: Briefing
2014.02.27

Impacts of Eastern EU labor rates on CO2 benefit and cost curves for EU light-duty vehicles in the 2020–2025 timeframe; fourth in a series.

Publication: Working paper
2014.01.17

Brief background to the agreement reached at the end of 2013, and summaries of key elements, the present situation, and expected effects.

Publication: Policy update
2013.11.26

Brief overview of the new edition of European Vehicle Market Statistics.

Event
2013.10.28
Futurist Lars Thomsen gave a speech at the AVL “Engine & Environment”
Blog Post
2013.10.28

A statistical portrait of passenger car and light commercial vehicle fleets in the European Union from 2001 to 2012.

Publication: Report

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