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The EU first introduced mandatory 2015 CO2 standards for new passenger cars in 2009. For light-commercial vehicles a similar regulation, setting mandatory 2017 targets, was passed in 2011. At the end of 2013, the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union reached an agreement regarding two regulatory proposals that will implement mandatory 2020 CO2 emission targets for new passenger cars and light-commercial vehicles in the European Union. The passenger car standards are 95 g/km of CO2, phasing in for 95% of vehicles in 2020 with 100% compliance in 2021. The light-commercial vehicle standards are 147 g/km of CO2 for 2020. Since a quarter of Europe’s GHG emissions come from the transport sector, reaching these targets will have a powerful impact and create a ripple effect, since many countries pattern their regulations on the European standards. CO2 standards for new vehicles in the post-2020 timeline are currently under preparation by the European Commission.
Comparison of official and "real-world" fuel consumption and CO2 emission values for passenger cars in Europe and the United States, which shows that the average discrepancy between them rose from less than 10% in 2001 to 25% in 2011.
Summarizes how data developed by Ricardo, Inc., was processed to provide the CO2 estimates used as inputs in the development of the EU cost curves.
Summarizes impacts of new vehicle mass reduction data on CO2 benefit and cost curves for light-duty vehicles in Europe, 2020–2025, and the effect that regulatory structures which do not fully reward or penalize manufacturers for the influences of changes in vehicle mass might have on overall compliance costs of CO2 standards. Third in a series.
Briefing on the potential and estimated costs of various vehicle technologies to reduce CO2 emissions and fuel consumption, based on rigorous tear-down analyses carried out in the U.S. and Europe.