Topics / EU vehicle targets

The EU first introduced mandatory 2015 CO2 standards for new passenger cars in 2009. For light-commercial vehicles a similar regulation, setting mandatory 2017 targets, was passed in 2011. At the end of 2013, the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union reached an agreement regarding two regulatory proposals that will implement mandatory 2020 CO2 emission targets for new passenger cars and light-commercial vehicles in the European Union. The passenger car standards are 95 g/km of CO2, phasing in for 95% of vehicles in 2020 with 100% compliance in 2021. The light-commercial vehicle standards are 147 g/km of CO2 for 2020. Since a quarter of Europe’s GHG emissions come from the transport sector, reaching these targets will have a powerful impact and create a ripple effect, since many countries pattern their regulations on the European standards. CO2 standards for new vehicles in the post-2020 timeline are currently under preparation by the European Commission.

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This update adds two new data sources, for a total of 13, covering 15 years, six countries, and approximately 1 million cars. The analysis shows that, in the EU, the gap between official and real-world CO2 emission values continues to grow—from 9% in 2001 to 42% in 2015.

Summary of provisional data from the European Environment Agency. Average CO2 emissions from new cars sold in the EU in 2015 were 119.6 g CO2/km, 8% below the 2015 target and 3% lower than in 2014.

This annual update to the L2R series analyzes eleven data sources covering fourteen years, six countries, and almost 600,000 vehicles. In the EU the gap between official and real-world vehicle CO2 emissions grew to 38 percent in 2014.

Yesterday the European Commission put forward a proposal to amend the existing CO2 regulation for passenger vehicles by a mandatory 2020 target.
Blog Post

Summary of the European Commission's proposed mandatory 2020 CO2 emission targets for new passenger vehicles and light-commercial vehicles.

Publication: Policy update

27 April 2012 workshop for regulators, manufacturers, and others working on these issues in the EU in the 2020–25 time frame.

Most people have some dates they eagerly anticipate, over and above the usual birthdays and anniversaries.
Blog Post

This paper compares fuel consumption / CO2 values of passenger cars from different sources and aims at quantifying the discrepancy between laboratory type-approval values and real-world values, including a retrospective analysis for the years 2001-2011 to determine if the gap between the two datasets has increased over time. Potential explanations for the discrepancies found are discussed and possible practical solutions for the future outlined.

Publication: Working paper
One of the striking features of the European vehicle market over the last decade is the sharp increase in market share of passenger cars using gasoline direct injection (GDI).
Blog Post

A one-hour webinar on the technical and environmental characteristics of the EU passenger car fleet.

The total number of motor vehicles on the road in Western Europe more than tripled between 1970 and 2005, rising from about 80 million to 260 million.
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A working meeting on cost-effective vehicle technologies for reducing greenhouse gas emissions from the European light-duty vehicle fleet.