Topics / EU vehicle targets

The EU first introduced mandatory 2015 CO2 standards for new passenger cars in 2009. For light-commercial vehicles a similar regulation, setting mandatory 2017 targets, was passed in 2011. At the end of 2013, the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union reached an agreement regarding two regulatory proposals that will implement mandatory 2020 CO2 emission targets for new passenger cars and light-commercial vehicles in the European Union. The passenger car standards are 95 g/km of CO2, phasing in for 95% of vehicles in 2020 with 100% compliance in 2021. The light-commercial vehicle standards are 147 g/km of CO2 for 2020. Since a quarter of Europe’s GHG emissions come from the transport sector, reaching these targets will have a powerful impact and create a ripple effect, since many countries pattern their regulations on the European standards. CO2 standards for new vehicles in the post-2020 timeline are currently under preparation by the European Commission.

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This update adds two new data sources, for a total of 13, covering 15 years, six countries, and approximately 1 million cars. The analysis shows that, in the EU, the gap between official and real-world CO2 emission values continues to grow—from 9% in 2001 to 42% in 2015.

Summary of provisional data from the European Environment Agency. Average CO2 emissions from new cars sold in the EU in 2015 were 119.6 g CO2/km, 8% below the 2015 target and 3% lower than in 2014.

This annual update to the L2R series analyzes eleven data sources covering fourteen years, six countries, and almost 600,000 vehicles. In the EU the gap between official and real-world vehicle CO2 emissions grew to 38 percent in 2014.


A comprehensive summary and analysis of information on new passenger cars and light-commercial vehicles in Europe for the time period 2001 to 2010.

Publication: Report
The two cartograms below depict the relative size in 2010 of the new passenger car markets in the Member States of the European Union, and their relative average new car carbon emissions.[1]
Blog Post
Test procedures are a key feature of any system of regulating vehicle emissions.
Blog Post

This paper provides aggregated statistics for the fleet of new light-commercial vehicles in the EU for the year 2010.

Publication: Working paper

This paper is ICCT’s 4th contribution to the UNECE GRPE informal subgroup on the development of a worldwide harmonized light vehicles test procedure (WLTP-DTP).

Publication: Working paper

This paper presents new analysis on the implications of the current inertia class based system and outlines two alternative approaches for discussion within the WLTP-DTP working group.

Publication: Working paper

Based on an assessment of production costs for two GPF designs, we estimate for a 2.0L gasoline engine a cost of $106 for a stand-alone GPF and between $114 and $154 for a four-way catalyst, presented here as a three-way catalyst (TWC) with PM trapping capabilities.

Publication: Working paper
On July 29 the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and U.S.
Blog Post

Assesses various potential index parameters for vehicle emissions performance standards and analyzes the effects of different target systems on individual manufacturers and vehicles.

Publication: White paper