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Reviews current policies, summarizes information on technology and costs, emissions reductions, and benefit-cost ratios, and outlines policy options aimed in particular at HDV tailpipe emissions and fuel efficiency.
New standards require that the fuel economy of MY 2022 LCVs sold in Japan average 17.9 km/L, compared to 14.2 km/L in 2012—a 26% increase in fuel economy, and a 23% increase from the 2015 standard of 14.5 km/L.
Evaluates eight vehicle replacement programs from around the world and identifies five best practices in the areas of program design and implementation, as well as fiscal incentives and policies, to serve as guidelines for policymakers.
Describes the OBD deployment schedule and monitoring requirements for HDVs in Brazil, China, Europe, India, and the United States (EPA and California’s Air Resources Board).
Summary of technologies and policies to reduce direct emissions from cars, trucks, and buses, drawing on examples of other megacities' policy initiatives in the areas of clean fuels, new vehicle emission standards, and in-use vehicle programs.
Assesses fuel consumption and fuel-efficiency technology adoption in China’s LCV market in 2010, focusing on differences among vehicle sub-categories and manufacturers, and compares fleet features and technologies in the U.S., EU, and China.
A detailed but accessible overview of the concept of indirect land use change and the way that ILUC emissions are estimated. Identifies factors that determine the size of ILUC effects when biofuel demand increases and shows how they are handled in the most important models used in the U.S. and EU.