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Summarizes impacts of new vehicle mass reduction data on CO2 benefit and cost curves for light-duty vehicles in Europe, 2020–2025, and the effect that regulatory structures which do not fully reward or penalize manufacturers for the influences of changes in vehicle mass might have on overall compliance costs of CO2 standards. Third in a series.
Assesses the costs of emissions control technologies required to bring light-duty vehicles up to various standards for conventional pollutant emissions in current terms, using both direct and indirect methods to account for technology changes, correct for inflation, and pull in feedback from manufacturers.