Maritime shipping

Ocean-going ships, which carry more than 80% of world trade by volume, could contribute 17% of human-caused carbon emissions by 2050. The sector’s lax emission standards and high fuel sulfur already cause tens of thousands of deaths each year. At the same time, ICCT research suggests that by mid-century marine emissions could be cut by as much as 71% from projections through operational changes, efficiency improvements, use of sustainable biofuels, and zero-emission technologies.