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Aircraft play a vital role in our modern economy by quickly and conveniently transporting goods and people. But they also exact environmental costs. If counted as a country, globally the aviation sector would rank 7th in terms of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, just after Germany and well above Korea in 2011. Projections are that CO2 emissions from aviation will triple by 2050 under business-as-usual scenarios, as more people and goods move by air, unless effective policies are developed to constrain emissions growth. Nitrogen oxide (NOx), particulate matter (PM), noise, and lead pollution also impact often disadvantaged communities living near airports.

A number of governments and international organizations are working to manage the environmental impact of the aviation industry. The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), a specialized UN agency, oversees and acts as the de facto regulator of airlines and aerospace manufacturers worldwide. ICAO adopted its first aircraft noise standard in 1972 and its first engine certification standards for air pollutants in 1981. Since then, ICAO has periodically tightened both policies, and is currently developing the world’s first CO2 and PM emission standards for new aircraft and engines, respectively.

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Mitigating international aviation emissions: Risks and opportunities for alternative jet fuels
Evaluates the potential for alternative jet fuels (AJFs) to decarbonize the aviation sector and the risks associated with those fuels’ sustainability, costs and barriers to commercialization. 
White paper
International Civil Aviation Organization’s Carbon Offset and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA)
Describes the details of the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA), the International Civil Aviation Organization’s market-based measure to offset most of the growth in aviation carbon...
Policy update
Cost assessment of near- and mid-term technologies to improve new aircraft fuel efficiency
Finds that fuel consumption of new aircraft designs could be cut by 25% in 2024 and 40% in 2034 using cost-effective emerging technologies—double the rate of improvement seen in designs coming from manufacturers now in response...
Report
 

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From the ICCT Blogs

Shell game? Debating real-world fuel consumption trends for heavy-duty vehicles in Europe
The EU is about to propose new standards to limit CO2 emissions from heavy-duty vehicles. Some manufacturers are still trying to persuade policy makers that regs aren't necessary because truck fuel-efficiency really is improving significantly on its own. Don't be fooled; on average, it isn't.
Staff Blog
Euro VI para o Brasil: um caminho claro para céus mais limpos
Em Fevereiro, a CETESB anunciou novas fases para emissões de veículos pesados, leves e motocicletas no Brasil. Esse é um momento oportuno para salientar os grandes benefícios para o Brasil com um alinhamento com o padrão Euro VI para veículos pesados.
Staff Blog
A sneak preview of future stages of Indian emission standards for non-road engines reveals a tractor-sized loophole
In short, it’s welcome news that Indian regulators have set their sights on catching up with best-practice emissions standards for non-road engines. Here’s hoping that in aiming for that goal in 2025 they don’t overlook a simple fix that will bring even more immediate help in solving the persistent air pollution problems facing the country.
Staff Blog

The Staff

Brandon Graver
Brandon Graver
Aviation Researcher
Fanta Kamakaté
Fanta Kamakaté
Chief Program Officer
Naya Olmer
Naya Olmer
Marine Program Associate
Daniel Rutherford
Daniel Rutherford
Program Director / Japan Lead