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Assesses, through vehicle simulation modeling, the baseline fuel efficiency performance and the potential of various fuel saving technologies to improve the efficiency of European tractor-trailers and rigid trucks, in the 2020–2030 timeframe.
Evaluates the European Commission’s version of the proposed EU new motor vehicle type-approval framework, where it relates to market surveillance activities, and proposes specific ways in which it could be strengthened.
Summarizes the key barriers that impede the adoption of fuel-saving technologies in the trucking sector and discusses some of the ways policymakers can combat them.
Despite the anticipated decline in diesel car sales future carbon dioxide (CO2) standards in the EU can still be met even if new-car diesel share falls as low as 15% by 2025. The net compliance cost for reaching a 70 g/km (NEDC) target by 2025 would decline by €10–€280 per vehicle, if the diesel market share were to drop to a level as low as 15%.
Summarizes and analyzes preliminary data for 2016 recently released by the European Environment Agency (EEA) on CO2 emissions from new passenger cars in the EU. New cars sold in the EU in 2015 had average CO2 emissions of 118 g CO2/km, which was 1.2% lower than in 2015.
Examines how the greenhouse gas and fuel economy standards have changed over time, how the auto industry in different regions has reacted, and discusses how the standards may evolve in the future.
Evaluates options for integrating electric vehicles into U.S. and European efficiency regulations based on cost-effectiveness and emission-reduction implications.
Summarizes important features and experiences of successful retrofit program efforts primarily in the U.S. and Europe, as well as highlighting the range of retrofit technologies that have been successfully used to reduce exhaust emissions (including diesel particulate and NOX emissions) from older, existing on-road and off-road diesel engines.