programs / Heavy-duty vehicles

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The steady growth in freight transport by truck presents a challenge to efforts at reducing hazardous air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions. Though most countries have fuel economy standards for passenger vehicles, as of 2011 only Japan and the United States have set efficiency and GHG emission standards for heavy-duty vehicles.

Most heavy-duty vehicles are powered by diesel engines that, without pollution controls, can emit high levels of other pollutants that contribute to global warming  and local air pollution.  For example, uncontrolled diesel vehicles produce high levels of particulate matter, a fraction of which has a warming effect, and nitrogen oxides, which are an ingredient of ozone (also known as smog), an important greenhouse gas. These pollutants are associated with bronchitis, asthma, and other lung diseases, and are responsible for millions of premature deaths worldwide. In 2013, the World Health Organization classified diesel exhaust as carcinogenic to humans, based on evidence of an increase in lung cancer after long-term exposure.

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Recently Released

Heavy-duty vehicle diesel engine efficiency evaluation and energy audit
Assesses the energy-use breakdown of US EPA 2010 compliant heavy-duty diesel engines and characterizes engine fueling maps for use in vehicle efficiency simulation tools.
Consultant report
European Vehicle Market Statistics, 2014
Annual statistical portrait of technologies, fuel consumption, and GHG and pollutant emissions in Europe's passenger car, light commercial, and heavy-duty fleets.
Report
Comparative assessment of heavy-duty vehicle regulatory design options for U.S. greenhouse gas and efficiency regulation
Identifies six certification options, using Phase 1 and publicly expressed industry viewpoints as a guide, and evaluates them based on seven criteria developed to compare the certification procedures’ relative merits.
White paper
 

News

News

UMTRI analysis finds distance driven per GDP has been decreasing steadily since early 1990s
The sixth in a series of reports on peak motorization in the US...

Teijin opens second production line for LIELSORT separators for Li-ion batteries
Teijin Limited is opening the second production line for...

Purdue process converts lignin in intact biomass to hydrocarbons for chemicals and fuels
A team of researchers from Purdue University’s Center for Direct...

PBL/JRC: Global CO2 emissions increase to new all-time record in 2013, but growth is slowing down
Global CO2 emissions from fossil fuel use and cement production...

From the ICCT Blogs

More efficient new Ford F150: A shift from the old horsepower wars?
Ford has clearly done something very special technologically. Whether it will be the game-changer many expected in terms of increased efficiency remains unclear.
Staff Blog
Could ICAO’s CO2 Standard Not Actually Cover Any Aircraft? Yes, If Nobody’s Watching
A big question for ICAO now is whether a standard will apply to all new aircraft, or only to new designs certified after the expected application date of January 1, 2020. The answer will make a huge difference.
Staff Blog
U.S. airline fleets due for renewal
If the U.S. aviation sector is going to meet its 2020 carbon-neutral growth goal, airline efficiency improvements via new aircraft and engine technology will have to increase sharply from their present rate.
Staff Blog

The Staff

Fanta Kamakaté
Fanta Kamakaté
Chief Program Officer
Nic Lutsey
Nic Lutsey
Program Director / US Co-Lead
Rachel Muncrief
Rachel Muncrief
Heavy-Duty Vehicles Lead
Benjamin Sharpe
Benjamin Sharpe
Senior Researcher / Canada Lead