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In the transportation sector, refers to regulation that directly limits carbon dioxide emissions from a vehicle, as opposed to restricting those emissions indirectly (through, e.g., fuel economy standards). Examples would include the U.S. EPA 2016 standards for light-duty vehicles, which require LDVs to meet an estimated combined average emissions level of 250g CO2 per mile, or the EU rules establishing fleet-average emissions targets of 95g CO2 per kilometer for passenger cars and 175g CO2 per kilometer for light commercial vehicles.
Cost-effectiveness and potential analysis of technologies for the reduction of fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emission of heavy-duty vehicles in the European market, in the 2020–2030 timeframe.
Describes the details of the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA), the International Civil Aviation Organization’s market-based measure to offset most of the growth in aviation carbon dioxide emissions beginning in 2020.
Characterizes the climate and health benefits of adopting world-class standards for new vehicle efficiency/CO2 and conventional pollutant emissions in all members of the G20 Transport Task Group.
A concise overview of the EU's vehicle CO2 emission reduction requirements, targets for 2025–2030 that are coming under consideration, and current best projections of vehicle-specific CO2 reduction technology potential and costs in that time frame.
Presents detailed results and methodology of a study using computer simulation modeling, vehicle tear-down analysis, and additional supplementary data to estimate compliance costs of potential vehicle CO2 emission standards for the European passenger car and light-commercial vehicle fleets in 2025–2030.
Extends an analysis of the gap between official and real-world fuel consumption and CO2 emission values for passenger cars in Europe and investigates the reasons for the increasing gap.