International workshop on new energy vehicle policies, practices and autonomous vehicles
On January 30-31, 2018, the World Bank and China Transport News hosted a workshop in Beijing, China in collaboration with Energy Foundation, GIZ, and World Resources Institute (WRI). This workshop involved regulators from China Ministry of Transportation and Chinese city-level transportation bureaus, Chinese and international research institutes, NGOs as well as industry representatives with a total of 100 participants. The workshop was opened by Dr. Binyam Reja, the Transport & ICT Global Practice Manager for Central Asia, China and Mongolia at World Bank, and Mrs. Han Shiyi, the Deputy Head of China Transport News. Sixteen speakers presented their thoughts and ideas on electric vehicle and autonomous vehicle promotion and application from different perspectives and had deep discussions with all the participants.
Mr. Hongyang Cui from the ICCT gave a keynote speech on ICCTʻs latest analysis on electric passenger vehicle incentives in Chinese cities. He indicated that electric passenger vehicle deployment progress in different Chinese cities varied greatly, which were mainly resulted from the difference in city-level promotion policies. ICCTʻs analysis shows that providing enough consumer benefits by a comprehensive set of city-level incentives was the key to boost private electric passenger vehicle sales in Chinese cities. Though purchase subsidy was still the major incentive in most Chinese cities, Mr. Cui pointed out that compulsory administrative means like exemption from vehicle purchase restrictions played the most important role in a few leading mega cities. Mr. Cui also emphasised the importance of influential fleet programs in driving electric passenger vehicle sales at an early stage. More than 80% of electric passenger vehicle sales in six leading cities were attributable to successful fleet programs (taxi programs, rental car programs, official car programs, car sharing programs) taking advantage of local electric vehicle OEMs. Besides, Mr. Cui showed that promoting electric vehicles had not been utilised as an approach to improve air quality in most Chinese cities. He strongly recommended to add environmental protection as an important perspective to design electric vehicle incentives in the future.
Director Gao Bo from Chinaʻs Ministry of Transport provided an overview of electric vehicle promotion policies in China. Representatives from GIZ and GEF Project Management Office in India introduced electric vehicle promotion practices in Germany and India, respectively. Mrs. Ren Huanhuan from China Automotive Technology & Research Centre (CATARC) presented Chinaʻs ZEV mandate policy. Other presenters included Mr. Zhang Haitao from Shenzhen Urban Transport Planning & Design Institute, Mrs. Wang Ju from Society of Automotive Engineers of China, Mr. Chen Shundong from Anhui Ankai Automobile Co., Ltd., Mr. Guo Kai from Shanghai Bus Group, Mr. Liu Dazong from WRI, Prof. Yao Enjian from Beijing Jiaotong University, Mr. Arturo Ardija Gomez from World Bank, Mr. Zhou Wei from Research Institute of Highway, Ministry of Transport, Mr. Zhang Lijun from Baidu Inc., Mr. Cao Fei from Chongqing Vehicle Test & Research Institute Co., Ltd., and Mr. Li Jiang from China Transinfo.