Evaluates alternative regulatory pathways for India’s agricultural tractors and construction equipment on the basis of air pollutant emissions.
This technical brief highlights important innovations and trends in downsized and turbocharged gasoline engines, several of which were not considered when the 2025 CAFE standards were finalized, but promise to be quite cost-effective.
Advances in lightweighting (mass-reduction) designs and technology have surpassed projections made for the U.S. 2025 vehicle CAFE/GHG standard. Overall, weight reduction of ~15% should be feasible by 2025, at costs about one-third of 2012 estimates.
A comprehensive investigation of mass, aerodynamic drag, and tire rolling resistance in Europe's LDV fleet, and estimates reductions in fuel consumption and CO2 emissions that could be achieved by reducing those driving resistances.
Annual statistical portrait of technologies, fuel consumption, and GHG and pollutant emissions in Europe's passenger car, light-commercial, and heavy-duty fleets.
Presents a global strategy to reduce fine particulate (PM2.5) and black carbon emissions from the global fleet of on-road diesel vehicles by identifying 36 countries for immediate action.
A concise overview of the EU's vehicle CO2 emission reduction requirements, targets for 2025–2030 that are coming under consideration, and current best projections of vehicle-specific CO2 reduction technology potential and costs in that time frame.
Presents detailed results and methodology of a study using computer simulation modeling, vehicle tear-down analysis, and additional supplementary data to estimate compliance costs of potential vehicle CO2 emission standards for the European passenger car and light-commercial vehicle fleets in 2025–2030.
Reports the results of simulation modeling and "tear-down" cost estimates of vehicle fuel-efficiency technologies, focused on the European fleet and using a 2025 time horizon, performed for the ICCT by the engineering consultancy FEV.
The European Commission has proposed the world’s toughest emission standards for non-road mobile machinery (NRMM), which will tighten restrictions and set stricter limits on emissions of particulate matter (PM).
Assesses the potential for energy crops to displace food crops in four countries in Europe and evaluates the relative profitability of these crops compared to existing food crops.
This update adds two new data sources, for a total of 13, covering 15 years, six countries, and approximately 1 million cars. The analysis shows that, in the EU, the gap between official and real-world CO2 emission values continues to grow—from 9% in 2001 to 42% in 2015.
Surveys the existing literature on methodologies related to the certification of low ILUC biofuel projects through different measures. It also assesses the potential challenges, risks, and loopholes that could arise from the use of these methodologies.
Analyzes near-term electric vehicle trends to inform on how governments might optimally evolve their electric vehicle incentive programs to sustain market growth. Assess how electric vehicle costs are reduced in the 2020—2025 timeframe to estimate when the consumer proposition tips in favor of electric vehicles in leading markets.
Highlights developments in technologies that contribute to vehicle fuel efficiency by improving control of heat in the powertrain and the passenger cabin. Few thermal management technologies were explicitly incorporated into the technology projections for the US 2025 CAFE standards.
Summarizes results from on-road testing of seven Euro 6-regulated gasoline and diesel vehicles carried out by Emissions Analytics between 2015 and 2016 concerning emissions of carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), nitric oxide (NO), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and particulates.
Identifies auto markets with highest electric vehicle shares by region in the U.S., including smaller and medium size metropolitan areas. Analyzes electric vehicle promotion actions in place that are accelerating market development in the leading markets.
Summarizes potential gains from known efficiency technologies in new freight-hauling tractor-trailers and rigid delivery trucks and presents a rationale for introducing and upgrading HDV efficiency standards in major markets.
Analyzes emerging electric vehicle technologies in terms of their electric range, vehicle models offered, and battery capacity. Assesses potential for increased global production volume from automobile manufacturers and battery suppliers, and the implications for reduced battery pack costs through 2023.