Incentivizing zero-emission off-road machinery

The global market for off-road mobile equipment, including agricultural, construction, and mining machinery, has surged in the last two decades. Over the same period, emissions from this sector have grown and regulatory controls like emission standards are lagging compared to those in place for on-road vehicles. Recognizing the growing interest in transitioning to zero-emission off-road equipment, this briefing reviews existing approaches and identifies 12 measures that could support the transition.

These measures take the form of policies and regulations, fiscal instruments, and corporate strategies. Policies such as establishing emission standards and setting sales targets for new zero-emission equipment are implemented at the national and subnational levels. Fiscal measures include purchase incentives and investment in infrastructure, the latter of which can be made at the national level or by cities and/or equipment manufacturers.

Zero-emission vehicles