Working Paper

Low- and zero-emission zones and social equity: Supporting the urban transition to zero-emission vehicles and alternative transport modes

The paper examines financial supported measures targeted at those most in financial need in adopting vehicles or alternative transport modes within low-emission and zero-emission zones (LEZs and ZEZs) to achieve more equitable outcomes when planning and implementing such zones.


An equitable transition from combustion engines to battery electric vehicles: Theoretical framework and status in Germany

Equitable mobility involves all transportation modes and a range of economic, social, and urban planning considerations. This study focuses on one important part of equitable mobility and the decarbonization of the transport sector: the transition from internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs) to battery electric vehicles (BEVs). First, it provides theoretical background on the concept of […]